双语阅读 | 美国海洋世界将取消“骑海豚冲浪”表演

美国海洋世界将取消“骑海豚冲浪”表演叶心怡 供稿Recently, SeaWorld decided to cut all “dolphin surfing” trainer tricks during dolphin shows in all of its marine parks. Visitors will no longer see any tricks that include trainers riding through the water on dolphins on their backs or snouts.近日,美国海洋世界决定取消旗下所有海洋公园的海豚表演中“骑海豚冲浪”的节目。以后游客将再也不会看到驯养员骑在海豚背上或站在海豚鼻尖上冲浪的场景了。This is another big change that SeaWorld has made to enhance animal welfare since the release of an explosive documentary titled Blackfish in 2013, which revealed the cruel treatment a killer whale received from human beings. From then on, SeaWorld has stopped breeding orca, ceased all whale kissing and dancing performances, and provided more educative performances and less circus-style ones.2013年,纪录片《黑鲸》上映,该片讲述了一头虎鲸遭受来自人类的种种残酷虐待,引发轰动。自此以后,美国海洋世界终止了虎鲸繁殖项目,去除了鲸鱼亲吻、舞蹈等节目,删减马戏团风格的海洋动物表演,转而加入更多更有教育意义的活动。此次取消骑海豚冲浪表演是其保护动物的又一重大举措。The latest decision of SeaWorld to cancel dolphin surfing was disclosed in a letter sent by one of its attorneys to the Securities and Exchange Commission at the beginning of February. The letter mentioned that the idea was put forward by People for the Ethical Treatment of Animal (PETA), a holder of SeaWorld stock, which proposed a shareholder vote in December, 2019 to end dolphin surfing in the parks’ shows.海洋世界最新的取消骑海豚冲浪表演的决定最早是在二月初海洋世界的一名代理律师向美国证券交易委员会提交的一封信函中披露的。信中提到,该项决定是由海洋世界股东之一、善待动物组织(PETA)发起,该组织于2019年12月召集海洋世界股东投票决定是否取消海洋公园中表演的骑海豚冲浪节目。It is stated in the letter that the parks have already stopped their trainers from riding on the back of dolphins, and will remove the tricks that include riding on a dolphin’s snout in a few months.该信称,所有公园已禁止驯养员骑在海豚背上进行表演,并将在未来几个月内去除包括站在海豚鼻尖上的其他表演。This is an improvement since it reduces abuse at SeaWorld, but orcas and other dolphins are still subject to some other cruel practices. Dolphins in the wild swim around 100 kilometers a day, but in SeaWorld they are usually locked up in tiny concrete tanks. In addition, they are often placed in unfamiliar groupings, which can cause much stress and aggressive behaviors.这项举措是海洋世界在减少动物虐待方面的一个进步,但虎鲸和其他海豚科动物依然遭受着其他残酷的对待。野生海豚每天大约游100公里,但在海洋世界里,它们往往被禁锢在狭小的水泥池中。另外,这些海豚经常被迫与陌生海豚共处,这样容易给海豚带来很大的压力并导致攻击性行为。According to PETA’s executive vice president, SeaWorld may ultimately release these creatures to seaside sanctuaries, but only on being dragged. PETA is now pressing the company to put a plan in place.PETA执行副总裁表示,海洋世界最终可能将这些海洋动物都投放到滨海动物保护区,但是只有持续对其施压,他们才会采取行动。因此,PETA正在敦促海洋世界尽快落实该项计划。Vocabularysnout: n. 口鼻部、吻部orca: n. 虎鲸、逆戟鲸、杀人鲸attorney: n. (法律或财务方面的)代理人sanctuary: n. 保护区、禁猎区

双语阅读 | 疫情期间的心理防疫战

In China the emergence of novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) has not only threatened people’s physical health, but triggered mental health concerns as well. People may feel frustration, anxiety and fear confronting the coronavirus outbreak.在中国,新冠状病毒的出现不仅威胁着人们的生理健康,而且也引发了对心理健康的担忧。面对疫情的爆发,人们会感到沮丧、焦虑和恐惧。The epidemic trauma is especially unbearable for the patients. Besides anxiety over their health status, patients usually experience a strong sense of guilt, blaming themselves for infection of others. Aware of the psychological problems, hospital staff often offer words of comfort and arrange psychological counseling workshops. There are meanwhile dancing and other delightful activities in the hospital to appease the loneliness of patients.对于患者来说,此次流行病造成的心理创伤尤其严重。除去对自身健康状况的担忧之外,他们通常还承受着强烈的负罪感,为感染他人而自责不已。在注意到患者的心理问题之后,医护人员会时常好言安慰,并且为他们安排心理咨询讨论会。同时医院还会组织跳舞等娱乐活动来帮助缓解病人的孤独感。Frontline medical staff should also have access to professional mental health services. Though they can spare no time to be afraid during the intensive work, exhaustion, depression and helplessness still haunt them after work. What’s worse, some agitated patients or their families have been taking out their frustration on these health care providers.处于抗“疫”前线的医疗人员也应获得专业的心理健康服务。虽然在高强度的工作中他们无暇感受恐惧,但在下班后,疲倦、郁闷和无助之感同样困扰着他们。更糟的是,一些焦虑不安的患者及其家属会将自己的沮丧情绪发泄在医疗人员身上。Zhang Hong, deputy chief physician of Wuhan Mental Health Center, believes that without psychological intervention, some doctors and nurses may suffer from long-term severe psychological disorders. To protect medical workers, a circular was released that orders them to take mandatory rest after long working hours and receive timely mental health consultation.武汉精神卫生中心副主任医师张红认为,如若不接受心理治疗,一些医生和护士可能会患上长期的、严重的心理疾病。为保护医疗工作者,政府发布通知要求为长时间工作的医护人员安排强制休息和及时的心理健康咨询。As for the public, this health crisis has caused some social disturbances. Due to the overconsumption of media and the overemphasis of some media on the problem, the public is prone to negative emotions and even extreme behavior. To preserve the public mental health, 24-hour hotlines have been opened and psychological aid teams have been established on line, with psychologists and psychiatrists promoting mental health knowledge and maintaining social stability. In addition, people themselves should avoid frequently and repeatedly checking the updates and pay attention to the reliability of information.从民众层面来说,这场健康危机造成了一定的社会混乱。过度消费媒体信息,加上一些媒体对疫情的夸大,使民众容易产生负面情绪,甚至出现极端行为。为维护公众心理健康,目前已开通24小时热线电话并成立线上心理救助团队,这些平台的心理学家和医师正致力于推广心理健康知识,从而促进社会稳定。此外,民众自身也应避免频繁、反复地查看疫情进展,同时应注意信息的可靠性。Vocabularytrigger v. 引起confront v. 面对,面临trauma n. 精神创伤workshop n. 研讨会agitated adj. 焦虑不安的circular n. 通知mandatory adj. 强制的psychiatrist n. 心理医生

双语阅读 | 至尊公主号邮轮将于周一靠岸

教学素材 | 至尊公主号邮轮将于周一靠岸叶心怡 供稿 Grand Princess, another ship of Princess Cruises hit by coronavirus, will begin to allow guests to disembark Monday. 公主邮轮公司旗下另一艘爆发疫情的“至尊公主号”邮轮将于周一靠岸,游客也将陆续下船。 The ship was returning from Hawaii when it was held off the California coast. Thousands of passengers had been in limbo for days, during which officials debated the origins of the virus outbreak and developed plans to deal with the situation. President Trump has expressed his concern, saying that allowing the passengers to disembark might accelerate the spread of coronavirus in the United States.该邮轮从夏威夷返航,已在美国加利福尼亚海岸附近徘徊数日,导致数千名旅客在海上漂泊。期间美国政府官员探讨了病毒来源,并商定处理方案。特朗普总统对此表示担忧,称邮轮上的乘客下船后可能加剧美国国内疫情。 At least 21 of the nearly 3000 people on board have tested positive for the virus, and many more still need to be tested to find out how many have the virus. According to a cruise line medical officer, the 71-year-old Californian who died from coronavirus was once on board and brought the virus with him.船上近3000名人员中至少已有21人新冠病毒检测为阳性,但仍有许多人需要进行检测,因而确切感染人数尚不明确。船上一名医务人员称,此前加州有一名71岁的患者死于新冠肺炎,他曾搭乘至尊公主号,而且可能当时就已感染。 Since the ship was held offshore, helicopters and cutters were used to deliver gloves and masks to the ship and evacuate ill passengers from it. 由于邮轮无法靠岸,岸上人员使用直升机和快艇来运送手套和口罩,并从船上撤离患者。 Vice President Mike Pence said Saturday that officials have developed a plan for passengers that will be implemented this weekend, and that all the members on board would be tested for the virus and quarantined if necessary.周六美国副总统迈克·彭斯称政府已为乘客制定了下船方案,并将于本周实施。所有船上人员将接受病毒检测,并视需要进行隔离。 The ship will dock Monday in California, and those who need urgent medical treatment will be first to disembark. A spokeswoman for the Prince Cruise company says that passengers will go to facilities for testing and isolation, and crew members will be treated on the ship.邮轮将于周一在加州靠岸,需要立刻接受治疗的患者将最先下船。公主邮轮公司发言人称,他们将把乘客送往医疗机构进行测试和隔离,游轮工作人员则会在船上接受检测。 Grand Princess is the second coronavirus cruise situation of Princess Cruises. The company also owns the Diamond Princess, the ship that was quarantined in Yokohama, Japan. This previous case is related to an outbreak that infected nearly 700 passengers, among whom six have died.至尊公主号是公主邮轮公司旗下第二艘遭受新冠疫情的邮轮。该公司的钻石公主号已在日本横滨被隔离。钻石公主号上有近700名乘客被确诊感染,其中已有六人死亡。 Vocabularycruise: n. 航行disembark: v. 下(船、车、飞机等)limbo: n. 不稳定状态evacuate: v. 转移、疏散quarantine: v. 隔离

练习 | VOA慢速:亚太地区仍有近5亿人口深陷贫困

VOA慢速:亚太地区仍有近5亿人口深陷贫困燕山大学 刘立军 编写TRANSCRIPTA new report says nearly 500 million people in East Asia and Pacific Ocean countries suffer from hunger and poor nutrition.United Nations (UN) agencies released the report on December 11. The agencies include the UN's Food and Agriculture Organization, UNICEF, the World Food Program and the World Health Organization.Observers say the UN's aim to end world hunger by the year 2030 requires that millions of people escape food insecurity each month.The report notes slow progress and even some failures in the areas of child wasting, stunting and other problems related to malnutrition. Worsening levels of inequality mean that earnings in Asia and the Pacific are not increasing fast enough to help ensure healthy diets for hundreds of millions living in poverty.The report urges governments to combine efforts to end poverty with nutrition, health and education-related policies.The UN's sustainable development goals for 2030 call for ending hunger and making sure all people have access to food year-round."We are not on track," said Kundhavi Kadiresan of the UN Food and Agriculture Organization. "Progress in reducing undernourishment has slowed a lot in the past few years."More than one-fifth of all people in the Asia-Pacific area face moderate to severe food insecurity. That means they must go hungry part of the year, and in the worst cases, go days without eating.The UN agencies' report says more than half of the 479 million in the area who do not get enough to eat live in South Asia. More than one-third of all children there suffer from chronic malnutrition, said the report.In India, nearly 21 percent of children suffer from wasting, a more severe form of malnutrition.Michael Samson is research director of the Economic Policy Research Institute. He spoke earlier this month at the report's release in Bangkok. Samson said that failing to ensure children are well fed endangers their future development, especially their mental abilities.He added: "Investing in the first 1,000 days (of a child's life) is the most important investment you can make in future productivity."Some governments in Southeast Asia have begun enacting policies aimed at ending poor nutrition in children and mothers. Thailand has provided aid that has helped improve the health and diets of families with young children.In Myanmar, experimental programs in the Chin state are being expanded to other parts of the country.Cambodia is expanding a program that the U.S. Agency for International Development helped to set up. The program is called NOURISH. It provides help for poor pregnant women and families during the first 1,000 days of a baby's life.Laura Cardinal directed the program. She says there was a nearly 20% decrease in developmental issues and improvement in children's diets in areas where NOURISH operated.I'm Jonathan Evans.VOCABULARY1.escape v. escape (from sth) to get away from an unpleasant or dangerous situation (从不愉快或危险处境中)逃脱,摆脱,逃避。用法:① (单独使用的动词) 例如:She managed to escape from the burning car. 她设法从燃烧的汽车里逃了出来。② (动词 + 名词短语) 例如:They were glad to have escaped the clutches of winter for another year.他们很高兴又一年躲过了寒冬的魔爪。③ (无被动态) to avoid sth unpleasant or dangerous 避开,避免(不愉快或危险的事物)(动词 + 名词短语) 例如:She was lucky to escape punishment. 她逃脱惩罚真是幸运。The pilot escaped death by seconds. 这位飞行员数秒之内死里逃生。There was no escaping the fact that he was overweight. 他身体超重这一事实是无法回避的。④ (动词 + -ing短语) 例如:He narrowly escaped being killed. 他险些丧命。2.stunt v. (动词 + 名词短语) to prevent sb/sth from growing or developing as much as they/it should 阻碍生长;妨碍发展;遏制。例如:The constant winds had stunted the growth of plants and bushes. 老是刮风,花草、灌木长不大。His illness had not stunted his creativity. 疾病没有扼杀他的创造力。3.malnutrition n. (不可数名词) a poor condition of health caused by a lack of food or a lack of the right type of food 营养不良4.chronic adj. (especially of a disease 尤指疾病) lasting for a long time; difficult to cure or get rid of 长期的;慢性的;难以治愈(或根除)的。例如:chronic bronchitis/arthritis/asthma慢性支气管炎 / 关节炎 / 哮喘the country's chronic unemployment problem该国长期存在的失业问题a chronic shortage of housing in rural areas农村地区住房的长期匮乏5.wastingadj. a wasting disease or illness is one that causes sb to gradually become weaker and thinner (指疾病)消耗性的,使消瘦的,使虚弱的, 文中指消耗性的疾病。6. enactv. 制定(法律)QUESTIONSRead the statements. Then listen to the news and check the true (T) or false (F) statements.1. A new report says nearly 500 million people in Southeast Asia and Pacific Ocean countries suffer from hunger and poor nutrition.2. Observers say the UN's aim to end world hunger by the year 2030 requires that millions of people escape food insecurity each year.3. The report notes slow progress and even some failures in the areas of child wasting, stunting and other problems related to malnutrition.4. The report urges governments to combine efforts to end poverty with nutrition, health and education-related policies.5. The UN's sustainable development goals for 2030 call for ending hunger and making sure all poor people have access to food year-round.6. More than one-fiftieth of all people in the Asia-Pacific area face moderate to severe food insecurity.7. The UN agencies' report says more than half of the 479 million in the area who do not get enough to eat live in South Asia.8. More than one-third of all children in South Asia suffer from chronic malnutrition.9. In India, nearly 21 percent of children suffer from wasting.10. Some governments in East Asia have begun enacting policies aimed at ending poor nutrition in children and mothers.11. Thailand has provided aid that has helped improve the health and diets of families with young children.12. In Myanmar, experimental programs in the Chin state are being expanded to other parts of the country.13. Cambodia is expanding a program, which provides help for poor pregnant women and families during the first 1,000 days of a baby's life.KEYRead the statements. Then listen to the news and check the true (T) or false (F) statements.(F)1. A new report says nearly 500 million people in Southeast Asia and Pacific Ocean countries suffer from hunger and poor nutrition.(正确表达) A new report says nearly 500 million people in East Asia and Pacific Ocean countries suffer from hunger and poor nutrition.(F)2. Observers say the UN's aim to end world hunger by the year 2030 requires that millions of people escape food insecurity each year.(正确表达) Observers say the UN's aim to end world hunger by the year 2030 requires that millions of people escape food insecurity each month.(T)3. The report notes slow progress and even some failures in the areas of child wasting, stunting and other problems related to malnutrition.(T)4. The report urges governments to combine efforts to end poverty with nutrition, health and education-related policies.(F)5. The UN's sustainable development goals for 2030 call for ending hunger and making sure all poor people have access to food year-round.(正确表达)The UN's sustainable development goals for 2030 call for ending hunger and making sure all people have access to food year-round.(F)6.More than one-fiftieth of all people in the Asia-Pacific area face moderate to severe food insecurity.(正确表达) More than one-fifth of all people in the Asia-Pacific area face moderate to severe food insecurity.(T)7. The UN agencies' report says more than half of the 479 million in the area who do not get enough to eat live in South Asia.(T)8. More than one-third of all children in South Asia suffer from chronic malnutrition.(T)9. In India, nearly 21 percent of children suffer from wasting.(F)10. Some governments in East Asia have begun enacting policies aimed at ending poor nutrition in children and mothers.(正确表达)Some governments in Southeast Asia have begun enacting policies aimed at ending poor nutrition in children and mothers.(T)11. Thailand has provided aid that has helped improve the health and diets of families with young children.(T)12. In Myanmar, experimental programs in the Chin state are being expanded to other parts of the country.(T)13. Cambodia is expanding a program, which provides help for poor pregnant women and families during the first 1,000 days of a baby's life.

练习 | VOA常速:走近攀岩

VOA常速:走近攀岩燕山大学 刘立军 供稿uTRANSCRIPTReally, I think I was born to be an off-width climber. That was what my body was designed for. And clearly it was what my personality was designed for, because it requires an ability to believe in yourself, beyond your physical capacity.My name is Pamela Shanti Peck, and I'm a professional rock climber. Utah is my favorite place to climb because we have these massive sandstone cliffs, and often I'm the very first person to climb those particular cracks, so it's like being some sort of an explorer.I climb in a traditional-style, which means that I have specific gear that's designed for placing in a crack, and as I climb, that gear catches me if I fall. Choosing when to place the gear, whether you're going to place the gear, what are the chances you're going to fall, it just adds the component of reading the space as I climb and that makes it a little more exciting for me.Being a professional rock climber as a woman is relatively new. When I started in this particular style, it was 2010. I was the first woman to devote myself to off-widthclimbing, and there was a lot of resistance to that and I was criticized for everything.It didn't matter whatI was criticize,for wearing my hair down. I was criticized for what I wore when I climbed. Ultimately, all that criticism really inspired me to continue climbing.All right, good to go.It is a dangerous sport, so there's a lot that goes into it. I've climbed despite having broken ribs and various other injuries. In a way, maybe that's a form of meditation. I'm able to put the pain in the background, and I will make myself climb and allow myself to feel that pain after I finished the climb. And then this is an unpleasant moment where I am getting some blood work done after falling and needing to have surgery on my kidney. I've had two really bad injuries. The one was a fall where I had kidney surgery, and then the other was that one where I had the back injury. It's always historically been, maybe, the least popular style of climbing there's ever been, because of the physical brutalityof this style. But I very quickly realized that it was a technically brilliant style and an artful style, and that I could change it, that I could find new routes, and that I could establish new techniques, and my focus, as I said many times, is to bring grace to the grovel.I think my greatest passion or obsessionas a climber, aside from just you know climbing off-width, is looking for routes that are improbable. I'll drive down these canyons and I'll look for routes that no one else has seen before, and it takes a certain eye, a lot of imagination, a lot of creativity. It's like being an artist, having the idea of a book, the idea for a painting, and I'm just seeking out those ideas and then I'll create them. My emphasis is on finding lines that tell a really good story.One of the joys of establishing a route is then you get to name the route. One of them is named the Kill Artist, so that probably gives you a little bit of an idea of what that experience is like. I think as far as first ascentsnow, I've lost track but oh well over a 100 at this point. My father, Robert Pack, is a poet and he wrote this poem for me to express his apprehensions about my climbing but also to express his understanding for what I do."Down on firm planet earth, my wife and I share apprehensions, that are easy to explain, as dread of helplessness, and yet without the ecstasiesin disciplined suspension of her breath, are almost weightless floating there, perhaps the vast, unfathomable, uncertainty of parenthood possesses in its dark dismal depths of mad exhilarationof its own".Adapted from http://www.kekenet.com/broadcast/201912/602697.shtmluVOCABULARY1.capacityn. the ability to understand or to do sth 领悟(或理解、办事)能力。例如:lShe has an enormous capacity for hard work. 她特别能吃苦耐劳。capacity for sthlLimited resources are restricting our capacity for developing new products. 有限的资源正制约着我们开发新产品的能力。capacity for doing sthlyour capacity to enjoy life 你那享受生活乐趣的能力capacity to do sthlintellectual capacity 智能2.meditationn.(不可数名词)the practice of thinking deeply in silence, especially for religious reasons or in order to make your mind calm 冥想;沉思;深思。例如:lShe found peace through yoga and meditation. 她通过瑜伽和冥想找到了宁静。lHe was deep in meditation and didn't see me come in. 他正在沉思,没有看见我进来。3.brutalityn. a brutal act 野蛮行径。例如:It is best defined by two words: speed and brutality. 它可以通过两个词来定义:速度和野蛮。4.grovelv.(+副词或介词短语)to move along the ground on your hands and knees, especially because you are looking for sth 爬行,匍匐(尤指找东西)5.obsessionn.(可数名词)a person or thing that sb thinks about too much 使人痴迷的人(或物)。例如:Fitness has become an obsession with him. 他迷上了健身。6.improbableadj. seeming strange because it is not what you would expect 奇异的;荒谬的。例如:Her hair was an improbable shade of yellow. 她的头发带有怪怪的黄色。7.ascentn.(可数名词, 常用单数形式)the act of climbing or moving up; an upward journey 上升;升高;登高。例如:lthe first ascent of Mount Everest 首次攀登珠穆朗玛峰lThe cart began its gradual ascent up the hill. 运货马车开始缓缓上山。lThe rocket steepened its ascent. 火箭飞速升空。8.ecstasyn. a feeling or state of very great happiness 狂喜;陶醉;入迷9.unfathomableadj. too strange or difficult to be understood 难以理解的;莫测高深的。例如:an unfathomable mystery 难以解释的奥秘10.exhilarationn.(不可数名词)激动心情。例如:the exhilaration of performing on stage 在舞台上演出的激动心情uQUESTIONSRead the passage. Then listen to the news and fill in the blanks with the information (words, phrases or sentences) you hear.Really, I think I was born to be an off-width climber. That was what my body was designed for. And clearly it was what my (Q1) ________________ was designed for, because it requires an ability to (Q2) _____________________ yourself, beyond your physical capacity.My name is Pamela Shanti Peck, and I'm a (Q3) __________________ rock climber. Utah is my favorite place to climb because we have these massive sandstone cliffs, and often I'm the very first person to climb those particular cracks, so it's like being some sort of an (Q4) __________.I climb in a traditional-style, which means that I have specific (Q5) ____________ that's designed for placing in a crack, and as I climb, that gear catches me if I fall. Choosing when to place the gear, whether you're going to place the gear, what are the (Q6) ________________ you're going to fall, it just adds the component of reading the space as I climb and that makes it a little more exciting for me.Being a professional rock climber as a woman is relatively new. When I started in this particular style, it was 2010. I was the first woman to devote myself to off width-climbing, and there was a lot of (Q7) ___________________ to that and I was criticized for everything, it didn't matter what. I was criticized for wearing my hair down. I was criticized for what I wore when I climbed. Ultimately, all that (Q8) ____________________ really inspired me to continue climbing.All right, good to go.It is a (Q9) ________________ sport, so there's a lot that goes into it. I've climbed despite having broken ribs and various other injuries. In a way, maybe that's a form of meditation. I'm able to put the pain in the background, and I will make myself climb and allow myself to feel that pain after I finished the climb. And then this is an unpleasant moment where I am getting some blood work done after falling and needing to have surgery on my kidney. I've had two really bad injuries. The one was a fall where I had kidney surgery, and then the other was that one where I had the back injury. It's always historically been, maybe, the least popular style of climbing there's ever been, because of the (Q10) _________________________ of this style. But I very quickly realized that it was a technically brilliant style and an artful style, and that I could change it, that I could find new routes, and that I could establish new techniques, and my focus, as I said many times, is to bring grace to the grovel.I think my greatest passion or obsession as a climber, aside from just you know climbing off-width, is looking for (Q11) ____________________ that are improbable. I'll drive down these canyons and I'll look for routes that no one else has seen before, and it takes a certain eye, a lot of imagination, a lot of creativity. It's like being an artist, having the idea of a book, the idea for a painting, and I'm just seeking out those ideas and then I'll create them. My emphasis is on finding (Q12) __________ that tell a really good story.One of the (Q13) ________________ of establishing a route is then you get to name the route. One of them is named the Kill Artist, so that probably gives you a little bit of an idea of what that experience is like. I think as far as first ascents now, I've lost track but oh well over a 100 at this point. My father, Robert Pack, is a poet and he wrote this poem for me to express his (Q14) ____________ about my climbing but also to express his (Q15) ____________________ for what I do."Down on firm planet earth, my wife and I share apprehensions, that are easy to explain, as dread of helplessness, and yet without the ecstasies in disciplined suspension of her breath, are almost weightless floating there, perhaps the vast, unfathomable, uncertainty of parenthood possesses in its dark dismal depths of mad exhilaration of its own."uKEY Read the passage. Then listen to the news and fill in the blanks with the information (words, phrases or sentences) you hear.Really, I think I was born to be an off-width climber. That was what my body was designed for. And clearly it was what my (Q1) personalitywas designed for, because it requires an ability to (Q2) believe inyourself, beyond your physical capacity.My name is Pamela Shanti Peck, and I'm a (Q3) professionalrock climber. Utah is my favorite place to climb because we have these massive sandstone cliffs, and often I'm the very first person to climb those particular cracks, so it's like being some sort of an (Q4) explorer.I climb in a traditional-style, which means that I have specific (Q5) gearthat's designed for placing in a crack, and as I climb, that gear catches me if I fall. Choosing when to place the gear, whether you're going to place the gear, what are the (Q6) chancesyou're going to fall, it just adds the component of reading the space as I climb and that makes it a little more exciting for me.Being a professional rock climber as a woman is relatively new. When I started in this particular style, it was 2010. I was the first woman to devote myself to off width-climbing, and there was a lot of (Q7) resistanceto that and I was criticized for everything, it didn't matter what. I was criticized for wearing my hair down. I was criticized for what I wore when I climbed. Ultimately, all that (Q8) criticismreally inspired me to continue climbing.All right, good to go.It is a (Q9) dangeroussport, so there's a lot that goes into it. I've climbed despite having broken ribs and various other injuries. In a way, maybe that's a form of meditation. I'm able to put the pain in the background, and I will make myself climb and allow myself to feel that pain after I finished the climb. And then this is an unpleasant moment where I am getting some blood work done after falling and needing to have surgery on my kidney. I've had two really bad injuries. The one was a fall where I had kidney surgery, and then the other was that one where I had the back injury. It's always historically been, maybe, the least popular style of climbing there's ever been, because of the (Q10) physical brutalityof this style. But I very quickly realized that it was a technically brilliant style and an artful style, and that I could change it, that I could find new routes, and that I could establish new techniques, and my focus, as I said many times, is to bring grace to the grovel.I think my greatest passion or obsession as a climber, aside from just you know climbing off-width, is looking for (Q11) routesthat are improbable. I'll drive down these canyons and I'll look for routes that no one else has seen before, and it takes a certain eye, a lot of imagination, a lot of creativity. It's like being an artist, having the idea of a book, the idea for a painting, and I'm just seeking out those ideas and then I'll create them. My emphasis is on finding (Q12) linesthat tell a really good story.One of the (Q13) joysof establishing a route is then you get to name the route. One of them is named the Kill Artist, so that probably gives you a little bit of an idea of what that experience is like. I think as far as first ascents now, I've lost track but oh well over a 100 at this point. My father, Robert Pack, is a poet and he wrote this poem for me to express his (Q14) apprehensionsabout my climbing but also to express his (Q15) understandingfor what I do."Down on firm planet earth, my wife and I share apprehensions, that are easy to explain, as dread of helplessness, and yet without the ecstasies in disciplined suspension of her breath, are almost weightless floating there, perhaps the vast, unfathomable, uncertainty of parenthood possesses in its dark dismal depths of mad exhilaration of its own."

练习 | VOA慢速:哈里梅根宣布退出英国王室

VOA慢速:哈里梅根宣布退出英国王室Harry and Meghan's Decision to Step Back燕山大学 刘立军 供稿uTRANSCRIPTBritain's Prince Harry and his wife Meghan have announced they will step back from senior positions in the royal family. The couple said they hope to become financially independent and create a new charity—while continuing some royal duties.The move came as a surprise to the British royal family. Hours after the announcement appeared on Instagram, Buckingham Palace released a short statement. It said discussions with Harry and Meghan "were at an early stage" and that such complex issues take time to work out.British media did not like the idea, either. The Daily Mirror called the announcement a "shocking disregard" for the Queen. The Sun described the decision as "Megxit." The word is a play on "Brexit"—a common term for Britain's withdrawal from the European Union.It also raises questions about how the couple will earn a living, who will pay for their security, and what their new positions will involve.lSecurity and living situationIn their announcement, Harry and Meghan said they plan to divide their time between Britain and North America.Meghan was born in Los Angeles, California, and grew up in Hollywood. Harry and Meghan spent the last six weeks of 2019 in Canada. Their first official appearance of 2020 was a trip to Canada House in London, home of Canada's diplomatic mission to Britain.They will continue to base themselves at Frogmore Cottage in the grounds of the queen's Windsor Castle while in Britain. The property was recently repaired at a cost of 2.4 million pounds ($3.13 million) by taxpayers.The couple also made clear that they expect the government to continue to pay their security costs. This is required by the Home Office, which is responsible for security of the royal family. The cost of the security is not publicly available information. But it is estimated to cost hundreds of thousands of British pounds a year.lHow will they earn a living?The couple said on their new website that they are seeking financial independence from the royal family's funding, known as the "Sovereign Grant". This is government money that covers the ongoing costs related to daily life and travel.The couple said the grant represented about 5 percent of money needed to run their official office. They did not say if they will give up the remaining 95 percent, which comes from Prince Charles' centuries-old private estate.The couple's new website, Sussex Royal, does not say exactly how they plan to fund themselves in the future. Last year, it was reported that Harry would be executive producer of a film on mental health for Apple's video streaming service. And royal writer Penny Junor suggested that Meghan, who starred in the television show Suits, might restart her acting career.The couple has not said they would give up their royal names - the Duke and Duchess of Sussex. And, their website noted that other royal family members have kept their titles while earning money in other ways.lMarriage—and the mediaHarry and Meghan married in May 2018 in a ceremony in Windsor Castle. Their marriage was considered at the time to be a sign of a more modern monarchy.Their son, Archie, was born in May 2019.The family's relationship with the media has worsened quickly over time, as they struggled to deal with the pressure, criticism and scrutiny.Harry described the media's treatment of his wife as "bullying," and likened it to that of his mother before her death. His mother, Princess Diana, died in a car crash in France in 1997 while being chased by paparazzi.Harry and Meghan announced they plan to greatly change media access to their official events. They will no longer take part in the traditional "royal rota" system, which is an agreement providing access for royal correspondents.The royal rota system permits access to their appearances and events by official correspondents. These correspondents take photographs and videos, which they then share with others in the media.Now the couple said their plan is to speak directly to the public through social media. They plan to deny automatic access to some royal correspondents.The change may make them more of a target for paparazzi photographers, who will no longer worry about losing access to official events if they are already excluded.I'm Caty Weaver. And I'm Pete Musto.Adapted from http://www.kekenet.com/broadcast/202001/603417.shtmluVOCABULARY1.scrutinyn.(不可数名词)(formal) careful and thorough examination 仔细检查;认真彻底的审查(同义词)inspection例如:lHer argument doesn't really stand up to scrutiny. 她的观点经不起认真推敲。lForeign policy has come under close scrutiny recently. 近来,政府的外交政策受到了认真彻底的审查。lThe documents should be available for public scrutiny. 这些文件应被公之于世,交由公众审议。2.paparazzon.(常用复数paparazzi)a photographer who follows famous people around in order to get interesting photographs of them to sell to a newspaper 猎奇名流的摄影记者;狗仔队uQUESTIONSTASK IListen to the news and choose the best answer to each question you hear.(Q1) What's Harry and Meghan's announcement?(A) They will step back from senior positions in the royal family. (B) They will step back from junior positions in the royal family.(C) They will become financially dependent.(D) They will not create a new charity.(Q2) What's the reaction of the British royal family to the announcement?(A) Excited.(B) Indifferent.(C) Angry.(D) Surprising.(Q3) Which British Media described the decision as "Megxit"?(A) The Daily Mirror.(B) The Sun.(C) The Guardian.(D) Instagram.TASK IIRead the statements. Then listen to the news and decide whether the statements are true (T) or false (F).1. It also raises questions about how the couple will earn a living, who will pay for their security, and what their new positions will involve.2. In their announcement, Harry and Meghan said they plan to divide their time between Britain and France.3. Meghan was born in Los Angelesand grew up in Hollywood. 4. They will continue to base themselves at Frogmore Cottage in the grounds of the queen's Windsor Castle while in Britain. 5. The couple made clear that they expect the government to continue to pay their security costs. This is required by the Royal Family.6. The couple said on their new website that they are seeking financial independence from the Home Office's funding, known as the "Sovereign Grant". 7. The couple said the grant represented about 5 percent of money needed to run their official office. They will give up the remaining 95 percent, which comes from Prince Charles' centuries-old private estate.8. The couple's new website, Sussex Royal, tells exactly how they plan to fund themselves in the future. 9. The couple has not said they would give up their royal names—the Duke and Duchess of Sussex. 10. Harry and Meghan married in May 2018 in a ceremony in Windsor Castle. 11. Harry described the media's treatment of his wife as "bullying", and likened it to that of his mother before her death. 12. Harry and Meghan announced they plan to slightly change media access to their official events. 13. The traditional "royal rota" system is an agreement providing access for royal correspondents.14. Now the couple said their plan is to speak directly to the public through social media. They plan to deny automatic access to some royal correspondents, which may make them less of a target for paparazzi photographers.uKEY TASK I(Q1) A。细节题。命题出处:Britain's Prince Harry and his wife Meghan have announced they will step back from senior positions in the royal family. The couple said they hope to become financially independent and create a new charity—while continuing some royal duties.(Q2) D。细节题。命题出处:The move came as a surprise to the British royal family.Hours after the announcement appeared on Instagram, Buckingham Palace released a short statement. It said discussions with Harry and Meghan "were at an early stage" and that such complex issues take time to work out.(Q3) B。细节题。命题出处:British media did not like the idea, either. The Daily Mirror called the announcement a "shocking disregard" for the Queen. The Sun described the decision as "Megxit."The word is a play on "Brexit"—a common term for Britain's withdrawal from the European Union.TASK IIRead the statements. Then listen to the news and decide whether the statements are true (T) or false (F).T 1. It also raises questions about how the couple will earn a living, who will pay for their security, and what their new positions will involve.F2. In their announcement, Harry and Meghan said they plan to divide their time between Britain and France.(正确表达)In their announcement, Harry and Meghan said they plan to divide their time between Britain and North America.T 3. Meghan was born in Los Angeles and grew up in Hollywood. T 4. They will continue to base themselves at Frogmore Cottage in the grounds of the queen's Windsor Castle while in Britain. F5. The couple made clear that they expect the government to continue to pay their security costs. This is required by the Royal Family.(正确表达)The couple made clear that they expect the government to continue to pay their security costs. This is required by the Home Office.F6. The couple said on their new website that they are seeking financial independence from the Home Office's funding, known as the "Sovereign Grant".(正确表达)The couple said on their new website that they are seeking financial independence from the royal family's funding, known as the "Sovereign Grant". F7. The couple said the grant represented about 5 percent of money needed to run their official office. They will give up the remaining 95 percent, which comes from Prince Charles' centuries-old private estate.(正确表达)The couple said the grant represented about 5 percent of money needed to run their official office. They did not say if they will give up the remaining 95 percent, which comes from Prince Charles' centuries-old private estate.F8. The couple's new website, Sussex Royal, tells exactlyhow they plan to fund themselves in the future.(正确表达)The couple's new website, Sussex Royal, does not say exactlyhow they plan to fund themselves in the future. T 9. The couple has not said they would give up their royal names—the Duke and Duchess of Sussex. T 10. Harry and Meghan married in May 2018 in a ceremony in Windsor Castle. T 11. Harry described the media's treatment of his wife as "bullying", and likened it to that of his mother before her death. F12. Harry and Meghan announced they plan to slightlychange media access to their official events.(正确表达)Harry and Meghan announced they plan to greatlychange media access to their official events. T 13. The traditional "royal rota" system is an agreement providing access for royal correspondents. F14. Now the couple said their plan is to speak directly to the public through social media. They plan to deny automatic access to some royal correspondents, which may make them less of a targetfor paparazzi photographers.(正确表达)Now the couple said their plan is to speak directly to the public through social media. They plan to deny automatic access to some royal correspondents, which may make them more of a targetfor paparazzi photographers.

第九届教学大赛翻译专业组一等奖曹敏授课

授课点评:曹敏老师对教学材料理解到位,材料运用方式灵活;课堂设计较完整,授课时间安排合理,各部分之间衔接自然。曹老师在授课过程中教态自然大方,师生互动良好,授课过程中有几处亮点,练习形式灵活多样,尤其是利用微信群给学生安排每天的学习打卡活动,是一项与时俱进的具有创新性的教学手段。曹老师的授课过程表现出来在教学方面积累了相当多的成熟经验。总之,以上均体现出曹敏老师作为一名翻译专业教师的良好综合素养。授课具体表现亮点如下:亮点1(40’-1’55 ):teaching procedures表述清晰到位,重点突出;亮点2(2’07-3’03):daily exercises in wechat groups 学练结合,形式创新,与时俱进;亮点3(9’10-13’08 ):设计练习形式灵活,难度循序渐进;亮点4(14’48- 18’08): structure of interpreting notes 将自己的笔记分享出来,通过实例解析示范做笔记的正确方法。建议:首先,曹敏老师在授课过程中没有使用板书,是一个比较明显的硬伤;在讲课环节的收束也稍显仓促,未能将重点环节自己做笔记的过程充分解析,如果适当运用板书现场与学生同时做笔记,将会更直观,达到更好的授课效果。其次,曹老师的授课环节存在教学目标设置不够明确、重点不够突出的问题。最后,希望曹老师与学生增加互动,进一步活跃课堂气氛。点评专家:司显柱教授

第九届教学大赛商务英语专业组二等奖王涛授课

授课点评:王涛老师的授课目标清晰,课堂安排合理,教学过程生动有趣。20分钟的授课,王老师设计了各项课堂活动,牢牢抓住了学生的注意力,较好地完成了预期目标。针对“商务英语中的跨文化交流”这一议题,王涛老师以情景设计为主线,从自身口译经历中感受到的文化差异入手,切入课文中的跨文化元素,分析篇章结构特点,进而引导学生的深度思考和批判思维。无论是“小测验”的设计(02'05''—03'33''),还是引导阅读时的“问题意识”(08'20''—13'30''),或者模拟商务会谈现场的“角色扮演”(14'10—17'20''),王涛老师都用心组织授课材料,从伊斯兰文化、日本文化、印度尼西亚文化、芬兰文化中的细节差异入手,培养学生的文化敏感。课堂上关于日美、中美双边商务会谈的现场模拟,王老师的任务设计也恰到好处。总之,王涛老师注重课堂活动的设计,形式多样,与学生互动紧密,集知识性、趣味性和思考性于一体,引导学生学习商务谈判中的核心要素。值得关注的是,王涛老师的课堂还兼顾了语言基本功学习,在词根分析、词义解释、图片描述、同义词等词汇拓展中启发了学生的外语学习能力。建议就这一环节投入更多时间更多教学设计,使学生的外语技能与文化知识同步提高。点评专家:汪小玲教授

练习 | 新冠病毒问答(WHO):不要与发烧和咳嗽的人密切接触

新冠病毒问答(WHO):不要与发烧和咳嗽的人密切接触Why Is It Recommended to Avoid Close Contact with Anyone Who Has Fever and Cough?燕山大学 刘立军 编写uTRANSCRIPTThe New Coronavirus can spread through respiratorydroplets, which are liquids that may come out when we cough or sneeze. For this reason, it's very important to avoid close contact with anyone who has fever and cough or other respiratory symptoms. In practical terms, we recommend keeping at least one-meter distance from a sick person. Also, you should avoid shaking hands, hugging or kissing people with these symptoms.If you need to take care of a person who has fever, cough and difficult breathing, do not forget to wear a mask and, in particular, to practicehand hygiene.If you need more information on how to protect yourself from the New Coronavirus, check the WHO website at who.int.uVOCABULARY1. droplet n. a small drop of a liquid 小滴2. respiratoryadj. connected with breathing 呼吸的。例如:the respiratory system呼吸系统3. practicev. to do sth. regularly as part of your normal behaviour 经常做;养成……的习惯。例如:to practise self-restraint培养自制力uQUESTIONSListen to the news and choose the best answer to each question you hear.Q1: What are respiratory droplets?A.A kind of liquids that may come out when we cough or sneeze.B.A kind of solids that may come out when we cough or sneeze.C.A kind of liquids that may come out when we do some drinking.D.A kind of solids that may come out when we do some drinking.Q2:Why is it recommended to avoid close contact with anyone who has fever and cough?A. Because the new Coronavirus can spread through shaking hands.B.Because the new Coronavirus can spread through hugging.C.Because the new Coronavirus can spread through kissing.D.Because the new Coronavirus can spread through respiratory droplets.Q3:What should we do if we need to take care of a person who has fever, cough and difficult breathing?A.We should wear a mask only.B. We should remember to wear a mask and practice hand hygiene.C.We should practice hand hygiene only.D.We should remember to wear a mask or practice hand hygiene.uKEYQ1: A。细节题。命题出处:The New Coronavirus can spread through respiratory droplets, which are liquids that may come out when we cough or sneeze.Q2: D。推断题。命题出处:The New Coronavirus can spread through respiratory droplets, which are liquids that may come out when we cough or sneeze. For this reason, it's very important to avoid close contact with anyone who has fever and cough or other respiratory symptoms. In practical terms, we recommend keeping at least one-meter distance from a sick person. Also, you should avoid shaking hands, hugging or kissing people with these symptoms.Q3: B。细节题。命题出处:If you need to take care of a person who has fever, cough and difficult breathing, do not forget to wear a mask and, in particular, to practice hand hygiene.

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大英综合课教学设计工作坊2.0

本工作坊采取培训专家、教学大赛获奖选手和参训教师组成学习共同体的研修模式。主讲人在进行理论讲解、模式阐释和展示示范时,将以教学指 南为准则,结合中国英语能力等级量表,详解指定教材单元设计中的目标 设定、流程安排、项目设计和多层评测。参训教师通过分组合作学习和集体备课的形式,在专家指导下分模块操练单元设计的重要步骤和极富挑战 的教学整合设计任务。本工作坊旨在帮助参训教师将理论转化为实践,最 终产出和分享课程设计方案*,并将成果带回到一线课堂教学实践中去。 课程具体实施步骤设计如下:1.参训教师在培训前事先完成教学设计和二语习得新文献的阅读。2.在研修现场,培训专家将首先从当前大学英语综合课教学存在的主要问题入手,结合“金课”的核心内涵和要求,解析大学英语综合课程的教学理念,介绍以项目为中心的整合式教学设计模式。然后,基于《全新版大学 进阶英语综合教程1》的一个单元,剖析还原单元教学生成过程,展示该模式在具体教学案例中的应用。3.本研修班新增教学点评环节,拟邀请第10届“外教社杯”全国高校外语教学大赛高名次获奖选手回顾参赛心路历程,分享赛后反思。培训专家将带 领参训教师观摩选手录像,并从大赛评委、教学设计者、教学课堂观察者 等多维角度进行教学点评和解析。参训教师亦可参与评课,并与获奖选手直接互动交流。4.在最后的实操阶段,参训教师将按5-6人分组,在培训专家指导下以集 体备课形式对指定教材的其他单元进行分步骤、整体设计和互动交流,并 由专家点评。以期切实强化“金课”理念,提升教学设计能力,实现以能力 培养为目标的有效教学。* 注:研修班将汇总专家及各组学员的最终教学设计方案,编订成合集,以电子版形式分享给全体学员。

跨文化外语教学与跨文化交际能力的培养:案例教学法

根据《大学英语教学指南》与英语专业《教学标准》中的要求,结合“跨文化大赛”选手的表现,探讨跨文化视角下外语教学与大学生跨文化交际能力的培养。本期研修班特邀上海外国语大学张红玲教授团队、昆山杜克大学Don Snow教授、华东师范大学窦卫霖教授、华东理工大学颜静兰教授等专家学者,重点结合理论研究与教学实践,采用案例分析与展示的方法,探讨在高校外语课程中进行跨文化教育、设置跨文化模块课程、跨文化课程的教学设计与执行能力、跨文化交际能力培养的途径与方法等主题。

大学英语教师专业发展:教学设计能力与测评素养提升

基于对当前大学生英语学习现状和新时期英语教学要求的分析,本期研修班将组织国内大学英语教学领域研究成果丰硕、实践经验丰富的资深专家,通过专题讲座、教学示范、互动座谈等多种研修形式,深入探究新形势下大学英语教学改革的相关热点问题,如“金课”建设、有效课堂教学设计与实施、教评测的有机结合、教师测评素养等,以期帮助大学英语教师把握改革动向,更新教学理念,掌握先进、有效的教学方法,优化大学英语核心课程的教学效果。

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