燕山大学 刘立军 编写uTRANSCRIPTFrom VOA Learning English, this is the Health & Lifestyle report.Many diseases and medical conditions are caused by things out of our control. Yet experts say you can control and even prevent many of the risk factors that increase your chances of dying.Experts note that an unhealthy lifestyle can put you at great risk of heart disease and stroke. Poor diet, having too much body fat and a lack of physical exercise all increase your risk of heart disease - so can using tobacco products and drinking too much alcohol.So doctors urge us to eat healthy foods, get exercise, stop smoking and limit our alcohol intake.But there is something else you can do. And it is free and easy. Smile!Anand Chockalingam is a heart disease specialist at University of Missouri Health Care in Columbia, Missouri. He advises his patients to smile."When we smile, the brain wiring gets altered. The chemicals that are released are more positive."He says smiling is a first step in fighting physical and emotional stress and its sometimes harmful effects on human health. This is not just New Age advice. Several studies support Dr. Chockaligam’s prescription to smile more.When we talk about disordersof the heart and blood vessels, we are talking about cardiovasculardiseases, such as coronaryheart disease. And they are the number one cause of death around the world. That information comes from the World Health Organization.The main cause of heart attacks and strokes are blockagesin blood vessels. These prevent blood from flowing to the heart or the brain. The most common reason for these blockages is a build-up of fatty deposits on the inner walls of the arteries.When you feel stressed or under pressure, your body releases many natural hormones including adrenalineand cortisol. Adrenaline increases your heart rate and blood pressure. Cortisol is the body’s main stress hormone. It increases sugar in the bloodstream. If you are truly in danger, these hormones can help you. They are part of what we call our fight-or-flight response.However, when stressed for a long period, these stress hormones are ever-present in our bodies. And that, medical researchers warn, may lead to health problems.Researchers with the American Heart Association say the connection between stress and heart disease is still unclear. However, they claim that when people are stressed for long periods of time, they may not make the best decisions about what to eat. They may overeat, smoke or drink too much alcohol. They may not get enough exercise or sleep. And all of this can lead to health problems.Dr. Chockalingam says a smile may be one way to help. He tells his patients to smile 20 times an hour. To some, that might seem like a lot of smiling. Or some might even feel foolish ... smiling for seemingly no reason. But a smile does not involve drugs. It is not invasive like a surgical operation. It is free and it has no bad side effects."Once people smile, they are relaxing. This relaxation directly lowers blood pressure, improves sugar levels in the blood. If we are smiling, we are breaking that link between stress and health."And it just may provide a little extra protection to everyone's heart health. And that's the Health & Lifestyle report.I’m Anna Matteo.Adapted from http://www.21voa.com/VOA_Special_English/one-thing-you-can-do-right-now-to-help-your-heart-19822.htmluVOCABULARY1. disordersn. [可数名词, 不可数名词] an illness that causes a part of the body to stop functioning correctly 失调；紊乱；不适；疾病。例如：la blood / bowel, etc. disorder血液病、闹肚子等leating disorders进食障碍lHe was suffering from some form of psychiatric disorder. 他患有某种类型的精神错乱。2.cardiovascularadj. (medical 医) connected with the heart and the blood vessels (= the tubes that carry blood around the body) 心血管的3. coronary adj. (medical 医) connected with the heart, particularly the arteries that take blood to the heart 冠状动脉的。例如：lcoronary (heart) disease冠状动脉（心脏）病la coronary patient (= sb. suffering from coronary disease) 冠状动脉疾病患者4.blockage n. a thing that blocks flow or movement, for example of a liquid in a narrow place 造成阻塞的东西；阻塞物。例如：a blockage in an artery / a pipe / a drain动脉 / 管道 / 排水沟堵塞物5. adrenaline n. <生化>肾上腺素; <喻>刺激物; 激励因素; 一阵兴奋（或激动）uQUESTIONSListen to the news and choose the best answer to each question you hear.[Q1] Which of the following will increase the risk of heart disease?[A]A healthy lifestyle. [B]Rich diet. [C]Drinking too much coke. [D]A lack of physical exercise.[Q2] What’sAnand Chockalingam’s suggestion to his patients?[A]To eat healthy foods.[B]To get exercise.[C]To stop smoking and limit our alcohol intake.[D]To smile.[Q3]What will increase sugar in the bloodstream?[A]Adrenaline.[B]Cortisol.[C]Both Adrenaline and Cortisol.[D]Neither Adrenaline nor Cortisol.uKEY [Q1] D。细节题。命题出处：Experts note that an unhealthy lifestyle can put you at great risk of heart disease and stroke. Poor diet, having too much body fat and a lack of physical exercise all increase your risk of heart disease - so can using tobacco products and drinking too much alcohol.[Q2] D。细节题。命题出处：So doctors urge us to eat healthy foods, get exercise, stop smoking and limit our alcohol intake. But there is something else you can do. And it is free and easy. Smile! Anand Chockalingam is a heart disease specialist at University of Missouri Health Care in Columbia, Missouri. He advises his patients to smile.[Q3] B。细节题。命题出处：Adrenaline increases your heart rate and blood pressure. Cortisol is the body’s main stress hormone. It increases sugar in the bloodstream. If you are truly in danger, these hormones can help you. They are part of what we call our fight-or-flight response.