怪兽和鳗鱼饭

The creatures behind repeated sightings of the fabled Loch Ness Monster may be giant eels, according to scientists from New Zealand. They have tried to catalogue all living species in the loch by extracting DNA from water samples.传说中的“尼斯湖水怪”有了新的“研究进展”。来自新西兰的科学家们发现,历史上被多次“观测”到的尼斯湖水怪有可能只是大个头的鳗鱼。他们主要的研究手段,就是从湖水中提取生物的DNA样本并进行分类,从而推测出“水怪”的可能生物。Following analysis, the scientists have ruled out the presence of large animals said to be behind reports of a monster. No evidence of a prehistoric marine reptile called a plesiosaur or a large fish such as a sturgeon were found.在进行分析以后,科学家们排除了存在“怪兽”般大小的动物的可能性。重要的是,之前甚嚣尘上的“史前动物”学说也没有得到证据支撑,在湖中并没有发现与蛇颈龙和鲟鱼有关的环境DNA。There is a very significant amount of eel DNA. Eels are very plentiful in Loch Ness, with eel DNA found at pretty much every location sampled - there are a lot of them. So - are they giant eels?研究显示尼斯湖中存在着大量的鳗鱼DNA片段,而这里的确栖息着不少鳗鱼,在几乎所有采样点中都能发现其DNA踪迹。那么,所谓的水怪,会不会是巨型鳗鱼呢?The research does not reveal their size, but the sheer quantity of the material indicates that we can't discount the possibility that there may be giant eels in Loch Ness. Therefore the possibility that what people see and believe is the Loch Ness Monster might be a giant eel could not be discounted, either.这项研究并没有揭示与鳗鱼“体型”有关的信息,但是仅从当前收集到的样本数量来看,我们的确不能排除尼斯湖中存在巨型鳗鱼的可能性。在这种前提下,人们过去所坚信的“水怪”,实际是某种大型鳗鱼的可能性,同样也不能得到排除。That process of elimination sounds not so convincing, right? You should know there was a scandal…此般“排除法”是不是听上去不够让人信服?你要知道“尼斯湖水怪”本就不大可信,甚至还经历了“造假丑闻”……The Loch Ness Monster is one of Scotland's oldest and most enduring myths. It inspires books, TV shows and films, and sustains a major tourism industry around its home.“尼斯湖水怪”堪称苏格兰最古老、最经典的传说。著述它的书籍不计其数,更有大量电视剧和电影围绕它进行创作,在尼斯湖附近,甚至还发展起了与它相关的旅游产业。The story of the monster can be traced back 1,500 years when Irish missionary St. Columba is said to have encountered a beast in the Loch Ness in 565 AD.有关尼斯湖水怪的传闻最早可以追溯到一千五百多年前。爱尔兰的传教士圣哥伦巴据说在公元565年,亲眼目睹了尼斯湖中的“怪兽”。Centuries later, in the 1930s, The Inverness Courier reported the first modern sighting of Nessie. In 1933, the newspaper's correspondent, Alec Campbell, reported a sighting by Aldie Mackay of what she believed to be Nessie. Campbell's report described a whale-like creature and the loch's water "cascading and churning". The editor at the time, Evan Barron, suggested the beast be described as a "monster", kick starting the modern myth of the Loch Ness Monster.几个世纪后的20世纪30年代,苏格兰的《因弗内斯信使报》报道了现代第一例所谓的“尼斯湖水怪”。1933年,该报纸的记者阿莱克·坎贝尔报道了一名叫做艾尔迪·麦凯的女子目睹了“尼斯湖水怪”。坎贝尔记述了一头像鲸鱼般的生物在湖中涌现,湖水如“瀑布般泻下,水面剧烈翻滚”。时任该报编辑的埃文·巴伦建议将这种未知生物称作“水怪”,这也是“尼斯湖水怪”这一称呼在现代社会中广为流传的开端。In 1934, highly respected British surgeon, Colonel Robert Wilson, claimed he took a photograph of the monster while driving along the northern shore of Loch Ness. Known as the "Surgeon's Photograph", 60 years later it was confirmed as fake photo. The "monster" caught on camera was apparently a toy submarine bought from Woolworths, with a head fashioned from wood putty.1934年,当时德高望重的外科医生——罗伯特·威尔逊上校宣称,他在尼斯湖北岸驾车的时候,成功拍摄到了水怪的照片。这张随后流传甚广的水怪照片在六十年后被证明是伪造的,照片上的“怪物”是通过精心摆拍得来——水下游动的“身体”是从伍尔沃斯商店买来的玩具潜水艇,而露出水面的“头部”则是粘上去的一块油灰。VOCABULARYUnadon: n. (日语)鳗鱼饭,鰻丼loch: n. (苏格兰英语)湖eel: n. 鳗鱼putty: n. 油灰

中餐与“英餐”

还记得英剧《唐顿庄园》吗?2015年落幕的这部好评英剧在沉寂了将近四年之后,终于“千呼万唤始出来”:全新的电影版已经在英国定档9月13日,于9月20日北美首映。众多“唐顿迷”欢呼雀跃的同时,也开启了新一轮的“怀旧杀”:高傲又迷人的大小姐玛丽,一针见血的“毒舌”老夫人,庄园内部精致无比的装饰细节,男女主人公们讲究的衣着,还有那让人羡慕到不行的“Received Pronunciation”⋯⋯当然,来到英国体验过当地生活的朋友们其实都知道,荧幕上的那些繁文缛节毕竟只是少数人生活的内容;在民众的日常生活中,大家用着一样的iPhone,捧着一样的“Costa”,穿着一样的“H&M”,毕竟在全球化普及的今天,商品经济所引领的现代生活方式已经消弭了国界构筑的硬屏障,贸易让商品在全世界流通,互联网也让信息传输扫除了地理上的障碍。然而,全球化看似横扫了各国人民的日常生活习惯,但不同国家和地区仍然保留着其各具特色的文化内核。就以“吃”为例,国人难以理解西方人对“发霉”芝士的痴迷,对方也难以理解我们对“千年蛋”(Thousand-year Egg)——皮蛋的执著。我们或许会嫌刀叉麻烦,人家也会怪中餐油腻⋯⋯而面对文化差异性,相互理解、包容并取才是不同文化间应有的姿态。正如我们公众号先前讨论过的,英国的食文化也别具一番特色,除了精美的下午茶点,还有约克郡布丁、哈吉斯等传统名菜。今天我们就通过中英美食文化的对比,来看看两国在饮食习惯、理念和菜式安排上的种种不同。敬请收看微课British Food and Chinese Food,来一探两国饮食上的差异。

“爱”在中西文化间

关关雎鸠,在河之洲。窈窕淑女,君子好逑。——《国风·周楠·关雎》这是《诗经》留给我们的传世之言,寥寥数句便道明了中国人对爱情的热切向往,亦勾勒出了中国人的基本爱情观——含蓄、委婉、保守,同时也能联想到封建时代男尊女卑和“父母之命,媒妁之言”等无奈的社会现实。时光荏苒,一切都随着历史的车轮滚滚向前,社会对婚恋的看法也经历了剧变——鸦片战争在暴力撬开国门的同时,也传入了大量西方的文化,改变了社会对于婚恋的态度;建国之后,破旧立新也同样涉及到了婚恋观——更加强调自我的选择,“自由恋爱”理所当然成为了“百年好合”的基本前提。转眼看西方世界对爱情的态度,脑海中立即会蹦出一连串的词汇——热情、奔放、直白……你会想起在“泰坦尼克号”船头杰克和罗丝浪漫的“飞翔”,也会想到《罗马假日》中赫本羞赧的微笑,还有《乱世佳人》中斯嘉丽对爱情的奋不顾身——爱情在西方世界的银幕上具象呈现,让人感同身受,亦让人为之动容。话虽如此,西方世界的爱情其实也不是一向“open”。在中世纪及更早期,社会氛围也是压抑沉闷的,对于“爱情”的浪漫幻想同样受到封建思想的束缚,研究中西方在爱情观念上的差异之时,同样需要考虑各自的社会沿革。今天,我们便以近当代社会为主要背景,比较一下中国和西方世界迥异的爱情观,从中探寻中西方文化的差异,敬请观看微课Love in China and in Western Countries。

练习 | NBC新闻:一个八岁小男孩的善良

NBC新闻:一个八岁小男孩的善良燕山大学 刘立军 编写 TRANSCRIPTOver the last few weeks eight-year-old Connor Crites couldn't wait for school to start. And this year the second grader with autism decided he was ready for a big first step. Ride the bus on his first day of class. He didn't even seem nervous at all, he was ready to go, wide awake. But once at school without his parents, Connor’s anxiety quickly became overwhelming. Until a stranger 8 year old Christian Moore reached out and took his hand. Christian's mom capturing that moment in a picture and a post, I'm so proud of my son.He's a kid with a big heart. The first day of school started off right. For Connor's mother who constantly worries about how the world will treat her son, this was the one thing Connor had asked her for that she couldn't give him, a friend. Asked him if he had fun and he goes I love them. Now the two boys sharing an inseparable bond saying their message to others is simple. Be nice.Adapted from http://www.kekenet.com/broadcast/201909/594341.shtml VOCABULARY1. autism n. (不可数名词) a mental condition in which a person is unable to communicate or form relationships with others 自闭症;孤独症2. overwhelming adj. very great or very strong; so powerful that you cannot resist it or decide how to react 巨大的;压倒性的;无法抗拒的。例如: The evidence against him was overwhelming. 对他不利的证据确凿,无法抵赖。 The overwhelming majority of those present were in favor of the plan. 绝大多数与会者都赞同这个计划。 an overwhelming sense of loss莫大的失落感 She had the almost overwhelming desire to tell him the truth. 她恨不得要告诉他实情。 You may find it somewhat overwhelming at first. 起初你可能觉得它有些无法抗拒。3. capture v. to succeed in accurately expressing a feeling, an atmosphere, etc. in a picture, piece of writing, film/movie, etc. (用图画、文章、电影等准确地)表达,刻画,描述。例如:The article captured the mood of the nation. 这篇文章把国民的情绪把得很准。4. big heart宽阔的胸怀,高尚的气度5. inseparable adj. if people are inseparable, they spend most of their time together and are very good friends 形影不离的 QUESTIONSRead the passage. Then listen to the news and fill in the blanks with the information (words, phrases or sentences) you hear.Over the last few weeks eight-year-old Connor Crites couldn't wait for school to start. And this year (Q1) __________________________________ decided he was ready for a big first step. Ride the bus on his first day of class. He didn't even seem (Q2) ____________ at all, he was ready to go, wide awake. But once at school without his parents, Connor’s (Q3) ____________ quickly became overwhelming. Until a stranger 8 year old Christian Moore reached out and took his hand. Christian's mom (Q4) _______________ that moment in (Q5) ____________________, I'm so proud of my son.He's a kid with (Q6) ____________________. The first day of school started off right. For Connor's mother who constantly worries about (Q7) ____________________________, this was the one thing Connor had asked her for that she couldn't give him, a friend. Asked him if he had fun and he goes I love them. Now the two boys sharing an (Q8) ____________________ saying their (Q9) _________ to others is simple. (Q10) ______________________. KEYRead the passage. Then listen to the news and fill in the blanks with the information (words, phrases or sentences) you hear.Over the last few weeks eight-year-old Connor Crites couldn't wait for school to start. And this year (Q1) the second grader with autism decided he was ready for a big first step. Ride the bus on his first day of class. He didn't even seem (Q2) nervous at all, he was ready to go, wide awake. But once at school without his parents, Connor’s (Q3) anxiety quickly became overwhelming. Until a stranger 8 year old Christian Moore reached out and took his hand. Christian's mom (Q4) capturing that moment in (Q5) a picture and a post, I'm so proud of my son.He's a kid with (Q6) a big heart. The first day of school started off right. For Connor's mother who constantly worries about (Q7) how the world will treat her son, this was the one thing Connor had asked her for that she couldn't give him, a friend. Asked him if he had fun and he goes I love them. Now the two boys sharing an (Q8) inseparable bond saying their (Q9) message to others is simple. (Q10) Be nice.

练习 | VOA慢速:4种保存食物的方法

VOA慢速:4种保存食物的方法燕山大学 刘立军 编写 TRANSCRIPTWhen you preserve food, you are taking action to stop it from breaking down, as it does naturally. You are killing or preventing the growth of microorganisms.Today, we will explore how you can preserve some of the fresh produce you buy or grow. By following a few easy steps, you can still eat those tasty fruits and vegetables when they are out of season.You can preserve late-summer fruits and vegetables in four basic ways. These include freezing, canning, pickling and drying or dehydrating. FreezingFreezing is the simplest way to save produce. It is important to freeze the produce as quickly as possible, and to do so in freeze-grade bags or other containers. Eugenia Bone has written books about food and nature. She notes that you should cool down food before you freeze it. One problem to avoid is freezer burn, which can affect the taste and feel of food. To prevent this, use plastic bags, wraps or containers designed for the freezer.Good late-summer produce to freeze includes green beans, cabbage, apples and plums. CanningThere are two main ways to can produce: boiling hot water baths and pressure canning. A boiling water bath involves putting food in glass canning jars and then heating the jars in a pot of boiling water. The heat forces air from the glass jars and frees the food from bacteria and microorganisms. You can then seal the jars. This method works best with naturally acidic foods like fruits. Pressure canning food requires a pressure canner. The pressure canner you use should be based on the kind of cooking equipment you have and the amount of food you plan to can. Whichever method you use, always test the seal that keeps out fresh air.Good late-summer fruits for water bath canning include apples, berries, cherries, figs and peaches. Good foods for pressure canning include carrots, corn, okra and bell peppers. PicklingThere are many methods of preserving food in vinegar, salt brine or a similar mixture. You can pickle whole vegetables, like green beans or okra. Another possibility is to make chutney or relishes. This is done by adding salt, pepper or other seasonings to small, cut pieces of vegetables.Good late-summer foods to pickle include cucumbers, hot chili peppers, watermelon rinds and eggplants. DryingA final way to preserve food is by drying it. Whatever food you are drying should be just ready to eat and not have bruises. When drying, try to find specific directions for each food to ensure quality and safety.Drying methods include air drying, oven drying and using a dehydrator. A dehydrator is probably the best choice. If you think you will be drying foods regularly, think about investing in an electric dehydrator.Good late-summer produce to dehydrate includes apples, mushrooms, grapes and hot and sweet peppers.I'm John Russell. And I'm Anne Ball.Adapted from http://www.kekenet.com/broadcast/201909/594959.shtml VOCABULARY1. microorganism n. 微生物 A micro-organism is a very small living thing which you can only see if you use a microscope.2. produce n. (不可数名词) things that have been made or grown, especially things connected with farming 产品;(尤指)农产品。例如:farm produce农产品3. freezer burn n. 冷冻食品表面干燥变硬,(冷)冻灼(伤)4. fig n. a soft sweet fruit that is full of small seeds and often eaten dried 无花果。例如:a fig tree无花果树5. okra n. (不可数名词) (ladies' fingers) the green seed cases of the okra plant, eaten as a vegetable 秋葵荚(可食用)6. salt brine卤水7. chutney n. (不可数名词) a cold thick sauce made from fruit, sugar, spices, and vinegar , eaten with cold meat, cheese, etc. 酸辣酱8. relish n. (不可数名词, 可数名词) a cold thick spicy sauce made from fruit and vegetables that have been boiled, that is served with meat, cheese, etc. 风味佐料(用水果和蔬菜煮后制成的冷稠酱汁)9. watermelon rinds西瓜皮10. bruise n. a mark on a fruit or vegetable where it is damaged(水果或蔬菜的)碰伤,伤痕11. dehydrator n. 脱水器; 除水器12. dehydrate v. to remove the water from sth., especially food, in order to preserve it 使(食物)脱水 QUESTIONSTASK IListen to the news and choose the best answer to each question you hear.(Q1) What’s the simplest way to save produce?(A) Freezing.(B) Canning.(C) Pickling(D) Drying.(Q2) Which method works best with naturally acidic foods like fruits?(A) Freezing.(B) Canning.(C) Pickling(D) Drying.(Q3) What’s probably the best choice of drying?(A) Air drying.(B) Oven drying.(C) Using a dehydrator.(D) Using a washing machine.TASK IIRead the table. Then listen to the news and complete the table.4 Common Ways to Preserve Food WAYS DETAILS1 Freezing  Freezing is the simplest way to save produce. It is important to freeze the produce (Q1) __________________________, and to do so in freeze-grade bags or other containers. Eugenia Bone has written books about food and nature. She notes that you should (Q2) _____________________ food before you freeze it. One problem to avoid is (Q3) __________________, which can affect the taste and feel of food. To prevent this, use plastic bags, wraps or containers designed for the freezer. Good late-summer produce to freeze includes green beans, (Q4) ______________, apples and plums.2 Canning  There are two main ways to can produce: boiling hot water baths and pressure canning. (Q5) ____________________________ involves putting food in glass canning jars and then heating the jars in a pot of boiling water. The heat forces air from the glass jars and frees the food from bacteria and microorganisms. You can then (Q6) _______________ the jars. This method works best with naturally acidic foods like fruits. (Q7) _________________ food requires a pressure canner. The pressure canner you use should be based on the kind of cooking equipment you have and the amount of food you plan to can. Whichever method you use, always test the seal that (Q8) ___________________________. Good late-summer fruits for water bath canning include apples, berries, (Q9) ________________________, figs and peaches. Good foods for pressure canning include (Q10) ____________________, corn, okra and bell peppers.3 Pickling  There are many methods of preserving food in (Q11) _______________, salt brine or a similar mixture. You can pickle whole vegetables, like green beans or okra. Another possibility is to make chutney or relishes. This is done by adding salt, pepper or other seasonings to small, cut pieces of vegetables. Good late-summer foods to pickle include (Q12) ____________________, hot chili peppers, watermelon rinds and eggplants.4 Drying  A final way to preserve food is by drying it. Whatever food you are drying should be just ready to eat and not have bruises. When drying, try to find specific directions for each food to ensure (Q13) ____________________________. Drying methods include air drying, oven drying and using a dehydrator. A (Q14) _______________________________ is probably the best choice. If you think you will be drying foods regularly, think about investing in an electric dehydrator. Good late-summer produce to dehydrate includes apples, (Q15) _______________, grapes and hot and sweet peppers. KEYTASK IListen to the news and choose the best answer to each question you hear.(Q1) A。(命题出处) You can preserve late-summer fruits and vegetables in four basic ways. These include freezing, canning, pickling and drying or dehydrating. Freezing is the simplest way to save produce.(Q2) B。(命题出处) There are two main ways to can produce: boiling hot water baths and pressure canning. A boiling water bath involves putting food in glass canning jars and then heating the jars in a pot of boiling water. The heat forces air from the glass jars and frees the food from bacteria and microorganisms. You can then seal the jars. This method works best with naturally acidic foods like fruits.(Q3) C。(命题出处) Drying methods include air drying, oven drying and using a dehydrator. A dehydrator is probably the best choice.TASK IIRead the table. Then listen to the news and complete the table.4 Common Ways to Preserve Food WAYS DETAILS1 Freezing  Freezing is the simplest way to save produce. It is important to freeze the produce (Q1) as quickly as possible, and to do so in freeze-grade bags or other containers. Eugenia Bone has written books about food and nature. She notes that you should (Q2) cool down food before you freeze it. One problem to avoid is (Q3) freezer burn, which can affect the taste and feel of food. To prevent this, use plastic bags, wraps or containers designed for the freezer. Good late-summer produce to freeze includes green beans, (Q4) cabbage, apples and plums.2 Canning  There are two main ways to can produce: boiling hot water baths and pressure canning. (Q5) A boiling water bath involves putting food in glass canning jars and then heating the jars in a pot of boiling water. The heat forces air from the glass jars and frees the food from bacteria and microorganisms. You can then (Q6) seal the jars. This method works best with naturally acidic foods like fruits. (Q7) Pressure canning food requires a pressure canner. The pressure canner you use should be based on the kind of cooking equipment you have and the amount of food you plan to can. Whichever method you use, always test the seal that (Q8) keeps out fresh air. Good late-summer fruits for water bath canning include apples, berries, (Q9) cherries, figs and peaches. Good foods for pressure canning include (Q10) carrots, corn, okra and bell peppers.3 Pickling  There are many methods of preserving food in (Q11) vinegar, salt brine or a similar mixture. You can pickle whole vegetables, like green beans or okra. Another possibility is to make chutney or relishes. This is done by adding salt, pepper or other seasonings to small, cut pieces of vegetables. Good late-summer foods to pickle include (Q12) cucumbers, hot chili peppers, watermelon rinds and eggplants.4 Drying  A final way to preserve food is by drying it. Whatever food you are drying should be just ready to eat and not have bruises. When drying, try to find specific directions for each food to ensure (Q13) quality and safety. Drying methods include air drying, oven drying and using a dehydrator. A (Q14) dehydrator is probably the best choice. If you think you will be drying foods regularly, think about investing in an electric dehydrator. Good late-summer produce to dehydrate includes apples, (Q15) mushrooms, grapes and hot and sweet peppers.

练习 | VOA常速:2030年非洲儿童将占全球贫困人口一半以上

VOA常速:2030年非洲儿童将占全球贫困人口一半以上燕山大学 刘立军 编写 TRANSCRIPTThe United Nations has 17 sustainable development goals. Number one on the list is eradicating extreme poverty by 2030. The world will fall well short of that target according to the latest report from Save the Children and the Overseas Development Institute. It delivers a devastating verdict on global efforts to eradicate extreme poverty among children in Africa.“On our projection, children in Africa will account for around 55 percent of all extreme poverty in the world by 2030.” The report authors say Africa’s children are being left further and further behind and predict that 87 million African children will be born into poverty each year in the 2020s. “On average, women are still having four to five children and it’s the part of the world where poverty is coming down most slowly partly because of slow growth but also because of very high levels of inequality.”An estimated 40 percent of Africans still live on less than one dollar 90 cents a day. “A child born into poverty faces greater risks of illiteracy, greater risks of mortality before the age of five, then they’re between two and three times more likely to die before their fifth birthday. They’re far less likely to escape poverty themselves, which means that they will become the transmission mechanism for poverty to another generation.” The report criticizes African governments for failing to develop coherent policies and also warns that the IMF, the World Bank and other donors are failing in their response. More than 150 world leaders are due to attend the United Nations sustainable development summit later this month in New York and will aim to agree on an agenda for the next 15 years.Dramatic changes in approach are urgently needed, says Watkins. “Transferring more monetary resources to children who are living in poverty has to be part of the solution, but we know also that money is not enough. It’s critically important that these children get access to basic nutritional services, the basic health interventions and the school systems that they need to escape poverty.”The report warns that if poverty reduction targets are not met, the world will also fall well short on other sustainable development goals in education, health and gender equality.Henry Ridgwell for VOA news, London.Adapted from http://www.kekenet.com/broadcast/201909/595703.shtml VOCABULARY1. verdict n. a decision that is made by a jury in court, stating if sb. is considered guilty of a crime or not (陪审团的)裁定,裁决,裁断。例如: Has the jury reached a verdict? 陪审团作出裁定了吗? The jury returned a verdict (= gave a verdict ) of guilty. 陪审团作出了有罪的裁决。2. mortality n. (可数名词) (technical术语) a death 死亡。例如:hospital mortalities (= deaths in hospital) 医院里的死亡数字3. donor n. a person or an organization that makes a gift of money, clothes, food, etc. to a charity, etc. 捐赠者;捐赠机构。例如: international aid donors (= countries which give money, etc. to help other countries) 国际援助国 She is one of the charity's main donors. 她是这一慈善机构的主要捐赠者之一。 QUESTIONSTASK IListen to the news and answer the following questions.(Q1) What is the United Nations’ first sustainable development goal?(Q2) According to the report, how many African children will be born into poverty each year in the 2020s?(Q3) What does the report criticize African governments for?TASK IIRead the passage. Then listen to the news and fill in the blanks with the information (words, phrases or sentences) you hear.The United Nations has 17 sustainable development goals. Number one on the list is (Q1) ______________________ by 2030. The world will fall well short of that target according to the latest report from Save the Children and the Overseas Development Institute. It delivers a (Q2) _________________ on global efforts to eradicate extreme poverty among children in Africa.“On our projection, children in Africa will account for (Q3) ___________________ of all extreme poverty in the world by 2030.” The report authors say Africa’s children are being left further and further behind and predict that 87 million African children will be born into poverty each year in the 2020s. “On average, women are still having four to five children and it’s the part of the world where poverty is coming down most slowly partly because of (Q4) ____________________ but also because of (Q5) ______________________________.”An estimated 40 percent of Africans still live on less than (Q6) ___________________ a day. “A child born into poverty faces greater risks of (Q7) _________________________, greater risks of (Q8) ___________________ before the age of five, then they’re between two and three times more likely to die before their fifth birthday. They’re far less likely to (Q9) ________________________ themselves, which means that they will become the transmission mechanism for poverty to another generation.” The report criticizes African governments for failing to (Q10) ____________________ and also warns that the IMF, the World Bank and other donors are failing in their (Q11) _______________________. More than 150 world leaders are due to attend the United Nations (Q12) ________________________________________ later this month in New York and will aim to agree on an agenda for the next 15 years.Dramatic changes in approach are urgently needed, says Watkins. “Transferring more monetary resources to children who are living in poverty has to be part of the solution, but we know also that money is not enough. It’s critically important that these children get access to (Q13) _____________, the basic health interventions and the (Q14) ______________ that they need to escape poverty.” The report warns that if poverty reduction targets are not met, the world will also fall well short on other sustainable development goals in (Q15) ______________________________.Henry Ridgwell for VOA news, London. KEYTASK IListen to the news and answer the following questions.(Q1) Eradicating extreme poverty by 2030. (命题出处) The United Nations has 17 sustainable development goals. Number one on the list is eradicating extreme poverty by 2030.(Q2) 87 million. (命题出处) “On our projection, children in Africa will account for around 55 percent of all extreme poverty in the world by 2030.” The report authors say Africa’s children are being left further and further behind and predict that 87 million African children will be born into poverty each year in the 2020s.(Q3) Failing to develop coherent policies. (命题出处) The report criticizes African governments for failing to develop coherent policies and also warns that the IMF, the World Bank and other donors are failing in their response.TASK IIRead the passage. Then listen to the news and fill in the blanks with the information (words, phrases or sentences) you hear.The United Nations has 17 sustainable development goals. Number one on the list is (Q1) eradicating extreme poverty by 2030. The world will fall well short of that target according to the latest report from Save the Children and the Overseas Development Institute. It delivers a (Q2) devastating verdict on global efforts to eradicate extreme poverty among children in Africa.“On our projection, children in Africa will account for (Q3) around 55 percent of all extreme poverty in the world by 2030.” The report authors say Africa’s children are being left further and further behind and predict that 87 million African children will be born into poverty each year in the 2020s. “On average, women are still having four to five children and it’s the part of the world where poverty is coming down most slowly partly because of (Q4) slow growth but also because of (Q5) very high levels of inequality.”An estimated 40 percent of Africans still live on less than (Q6) one dollar 90 cents a day. “A child born into poverty faces greater risks of (Q7) illiteracy, greater risks of (Q8) mortality before the age of five, then they’re between two and three times more likely to die before their fifth birthday. They’re far less likely to (Q9) escape poverty themselves, which means that they will become the transmission mechanism for poverty to another generation.” The report criticizes African governments for failing to (Q10) develop coherent policies and also warns that the IMF, the World Bank and other donors are failing in their (Q11) response. More than 150 world leaders are due to attend the United Nations (Q12) sustainable development summit later this month in New York and will aim to agree on an agenda for the next 15 years.Dramatic changes in approach are urgently needed, says Watkins. “Transferring more monetary resources to children who are living in poverty has to be part of the solution, but we know also that money is not enough. It’s critically important that these children get access to (Q13) basic nutritional services, the basic health interventions and the (Q14) school systems that they need to escape poverty.” The report warns that if poverty reduction targets are not met, the world will also fall well short on other sustainable development goals in (Q15) education, health and gender equality.Henry Ridgwell for VOA news, London.

第九届教学大赛商务英语专业组一等奖余静说课

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第九届教学大赛翻译专业组一等奖曹敏说课

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