双语阅读 | 美国新冠疫情现状与应对

叶心怡 供稿Coronavirus, which has caused more than 330 thousand infections and over 14 thousand death globally, is affecting countries around the world and arousing increased awareness. Let’s take a look at what is going on in the United States.目前,全球新冠肺炎确诊病例已超33万,其中1.4万余人不幸逝世。众多国家受到疫情影响,开始进行防疫抗疫。让我们一起来看看美国的疫情发展情况。The US government is imposing tighter travel restrictions, with California being the first state to order its residents to remain at home as far as they are able to over the next several weeks.美国政府加强了出行管制。加利福尼亚州率先要求居民居家防疫,在接下来的几个星期里尽量减少外出。The worldwide pandemic is cutting into the agriculture industry, bringing a lot of anxiety. Farmers are worried about the potential for even lower commodity prices, farm labor shortages, supply chain breakdowns and empty farmers’ markets. At the same time, many events in the industry have been canceled for fear of further spreading. Nevertheless, some producers are seeing a boost in business, and some have declared that despite the virus, they will not shut down business.新冠病毒横行正在对美国农业造成恶劣影响。农户倍感焦虑,因为未来可能出现农产品价格进一步下跌、农场劳动力短缺、供应中断、农产品市场无法营业等问题。另一方面,为防止疫情扩散,许多业内相关活动也不得不取消。不过,自疫情爆发以来,有些农产品的销量反而增加了,也有一些农户表示不会因为疫情而停止营业。Delaware closed its beaches on March 21st, and the mayor of Ocean city called for vacationers to postpone their visits until the outbreak gets under control, saying that he did not want them to be here and contract anything in Ocean City, and that those who already were in the city should practice social distancing and avoid large crowds.3月21日,特拉华州关闭海滩。而大洋城的市长也呼吁游客推迟行程,静待疫情得到充分控制。市长表示,不希望看到游客感染,如果游客已来到大洋城内,则应与他人保持合理的社交距离并尽量避开人群。Marriott International Inc., the largest hotel company, announced on March 22nd that in the coming April it will furlough thousands of corporate employees across the globe due to the coronavirus pandemic. According to executives, two-thirds of the company’s 174,000 employees around the world would be furloughed for 90 days. Furloughed employees in the U.S. will receive 20 percent of their salary, and those still working will face reduced pay and work hours. Hotel companies throughout the United States have been seeking financial aid from the government to pay the staff.受疫情影响,全球首屈一指的酒店集团万豪国际于3月22日宣布4月起将给世界各地的千万员工放假。公司管理人员称,公司总共17.4万名员工中有三分之二的员工将会放假90天。美国分部的员工在放假期间将得到20%薪水,而继续上班的员工也将缩短工作时长,薪水也会相应降低。美国各地的很多酒店正在向政府申请财政补贴,以支付员工薪酬。Vocabularypandemic: n. (全国或全球性的)流行病breakdown: v. 故障、损坏postpone: v. 推迟contract:v. 感染furlough: v. 给予休假,使……暂时离岗

练习 | 新冠病毒问答(WHO):如何正确佩戴与处理口罩

冠状病毒问答(WHO): What is the correct way to wear and dispose of masks?燕山大学 刘立军 编写 u TRANSCRIPTIf you decide to wear medical mask which is pleated and flat like this one, it is important to wear and discard it correctly. Otherwise, instead of protecting you, the mask becomes a source of infection because of the germs that may stay on it.To wear it correctly, you should locate the metal strip at the top of the mask, place over your nose bridge, secure the elastics around your ears, or tie the strings behind your head. Make sure it covers your nose, mouth, and chin. While in use, do not touch the front of your mask.To remove the mask, take the elastics from around your ears or untie the strings behind your head. Do not touch the front of the mask as it may be contaminated. Remove the mask and discard in a closed bin.Cleanse your hands with alcohol hand rub or soap and water. Hand hygiene should be done if you accidentally touch the front of your mask while wearing it. If your mask becomes damp or humid, replace it with a new dry mask. Never reuse single-use masks and discard them immediately into closed bins after each use.For more information on mask use and the New Coronavirus, check WHO website at who.int. u VOCABULARY1. mask n. a covering for part or all of the face, worn to hide or protect it 面具;面罩。例如:a gas / surgical mask防毒面具;医用口罩2. pleated adj. having pleats 打褶的;有褶的。例如:a pleated skirt有褶的裙子3. discard v. to get rid of sth that you no longer want or need 丢弃;抛弃。例如:The room was littered with discarded newspapers. 房间里到处是乱扔的报纸。4. contaminate v. to make a substance or place dirty or no longer pure by adding a substance that is dangerous or carries disease 污染;弄脏。例如:The drinking water has become contaminated with lead. 饮用水被铅污染了。 u QUESTIONSRead the passage. Then listen to the news and fill in the blanks with the information (words, phrases or sentences) you hear.If you decide to wear medical mask which is pleated and flat like this one, it is important to wear and (Q1) _______________ it correctly. Otherwise, instead of protecting you, the mask becomes a source of infection because of the (Q2) _________________ that may stay on it.To (Q3) ____________________________, you should locate the metal strip at the top of the mask, place over your (Q4) _______________________, secure the elastics around your ears, or tie the strings behind your head. Make sure it covers your nose, mouth, and chin. While in use, do not touch the (Q5) ___________________ of your mask.To (Q6) ________________________, take the elastics from around your ears or untie the strings behind your head. Do not touch the front of the mask as it may be contaminated. Remove the mask and discard in (Q7) _______________________.(Q8) ______________________ your hands with alcohol hand rub or soap and water. Hand hygiene should be done if you accidentally touch the front of your mask while wearing it. If your mask becomes damp or (Q9) ___________________, replace it with a new dry mask. Never (Q10) ______ single-use masks and discard them immediately into closed bins after each use.For more information on mask use and the New Coronavirus, check WHO website at who.int. u KEY Read the passage. Then listen to the news and fill in the blanks with the information (words, phrases or sentences) you hear.l 简化版(Q1) discard (Q2) germs (Q3) wear it correctly (Q4) nose bridge (Q5) front(Q6) remove the mask (Q7) a closed bin(Q8) Cleanse (Q9) humid (Q10) reuse l 完整版If you decide to wear medical mask which is pleated and flat like this one, it is important to wear and (Q1) discard it correctly. Otherwise, instead of protecting you, the mask becomes a source of infection because of the (Q2) germs that may stay on it.To (Q3) wear it correctly, you should locate the metal strip at the top of the mask, place over your (Q4) nose bridge, secure the elastics around your ears, or tie the strings behind your head. Make sure it covers your nose, mouth, and chin. While in use, do not touch the (Q5) front of your mask.To (Q6) remove the mask, take the elastics from around your ears or untie the strings behind your head. Do not touch the front of the mask as it may be contaminated. Remove the mask and discard in (Q7) a closed bin.(Q8) Cleanse your hands with alcohol hand rub or soap and water. Hand hygiene should be done if you accidentally touch the front of your mask while wearing it. If your mask becomes damp or (Q9) humid, replace it with a new dry mask. Never (Q10) reuse single-use masks and discard them immediately into closed bins after each use.For more information on mask use and the New Coronavirus, check WHO website at who.int.

双语阅读 | 疫情期间的心理防疫战

In China the emergence of novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) has not only threatened people’s physical health, but triggered mental health concerns as well. People may feel frustration, anxiety and fear confronting the coronavirus outbreak.在中国,新冠状病毒的出现不仅威胁着人们的生理健康,而且也引发了对心理健康的担忧。面对疫情的爆发,人们会感到沮丧、焦虑和恐惧。The epidemic trauma is especially unbearable for the patients. Besides anxiety over their health status, patients usually experience a strong sense of guilt, blaming themselves for infection of others. Aware of the psychological problems, hospital staff often offer words of comfort and arrange psychological counseling workshops. There are meanwhile dancing and other delightful activities in the hospital to appease the loneliness of patients.对于患者来说,此次流行病造成的心理创伤尤其严重。除去对自身健康状况的担忧之外,他们通常还承受着强烈的负罪感,为感染他人而自责不已。在注意到患者的心理问题之后,医护人员会时常好言安慰,并且为他们安排心理咨询讨论会。同时医院还会组织跳舞等娱乐活动来帮助缓解病人的孤独感。Frontline medical staff should also have access to professional mental health services. Though they can spare no time to be afraid during the intensive work, exhaustion, depression and helplessness still haunt them after work. What’s worse, some agitated patients or their families have been taking out their frustration on these health care providers.处于抗“疫”前线的医疗人员也应获得专业的心理健康服务。虽然在高强度的工作中他们无暇感受恐惧,但在下班后,疲倦、郁闷和无助之感同样困扰着他们。更糟的是,一些焦虑不安的患者及其家属会将自己的沮丧情绪发泄在医疗人员身上。Zhang Hong, deputy chief physician of Wuhan Mental Health Center, believes that without psychological intervention, some doctors and nurses may suffer from long-term severe psychological disorders. To protect medical workers, a circular was released that orders them to take mandatory rest after long working hours and receive timely mental health consultation.武汉精神卫生中心副主任医师张红认为,如若不接受心理治疗,一些医生和护士可能会患上长期的、严重的心理疾病。为保护医疗工作者,政府发布通知要求为长时间工作的医护人员安排强制休息和及时的心理健康咨询。As for the public, this health crisis has caused some social disturbances. Due to the overconsumption of media and the overemphasis of some media on the problem, the public is prone to negative emotions and even extreme behavior. To preserve the public mental health, 24-hour hotlines have been opened and psychological aid teams have been established on line, with psychologists and psychiatrists promoting mental health knowledge and maintaining social stability. In addition, people themselves should avoid frequently and repeatedly checking the updates and pay attention to the reliability of information.从民众层面来说,这场健康危机造成了一定的社会混乱。过度消费媒体信息,加上一些媒体对疫情的夸大,使民众容易产生负面情绪,甚至出现极端行为。为维护公众心理健康,目前已开通24小时热线电话并成立线上心理救助团队,这些平台的心理学家和医师正致力于推广心理健康知识,从而促进社会稳定。此外,民众自身也应避免频繁、反复地查看疫情进展,同时应注意信息的可靠性。Vocabularytrigger v. 引起confront v. 面对,面临trauma n. 精神创伤workshop n. 研讨会agitated adj. 焦虑不安的circular n. 通知mandatory adj. 强制的psychiatrist n. 心理医生

练习 | VOA常速:走近攀岩

VOA常速:走近攀岩燕山大学 刘立军 供稿uTRANSCRIPTReally, I think I was born to be an off-width climber. That was what my body was designed for. And clearly it was what my personality was designed for, because it requires an ability to believe in yourself, beyond your physical capacity.My name is Pamela Shanti Peck, and I'm a professional rock climber. Utah is my favorite place to climb because we have these massive sandstone cliffs, and often I'm the very first person to climb those particular cracks, so it's like being some sort of an explorer.I climb in a traditional-style, which means that I have specific gear that's designed for placing in a crack, and as I climb, that gear catches me if I fall. Choosing when to place the gear, whether you're going to place the gear, what are the chances you're going to fall, it just adds the component of reading the space as I climb and that makes it a little more exciting for me.Being a professional rock climber as a woman is relatively new. When I started in this particular style, it was 2010. I was the first woman to devote myself to off-widthclimbing, and there was a lot of resistance to that and I was criticized for everything.It didn't matter whatI was criticize,for wearing my hair down. I was criticized for what I wore when I climbed. Ultimately, all that criticism really inspired me to continue climbing.All right, good to go.It is a dangerous sport, so there's a lot that goes into it. I've climbed despite having broken ribs and various other injuries. In a way, maybe that's a form of meditation. I'm able to put the pain in the background, and I will make myself climb and allow myself to feel that pain after I finished the climb. And then this is an unpleasant moment where I am getting some blood work done after falling and needing to have surgery on my kidney. I've had two really bad injuries. The one was a fall where I had kidney surgery, and then the other was that one where I had the back injury. It's always historically been, maybe, the least popular style of climbing there's ever been, because of the physical brutalityof this style. But I very quickly realized that it was a technically brilliant style and an artful style, and that I could change it, that I could find new routes, and that I could establish new techniques, and my focus, as I said many times, is to bring grace to the grovel.I think my greatest passion or obsessionas a climber, aside from just you know climbing off-width, is looking for routes that are improbable. I'll drive down these canyons and I'll look for routes that no one else has seen before, and it takes a certain eye, a lot of imagination, a lot of creativity. It's like being an artist, having the idea of a book, the idea for a painting, and I'm just seeking out those ideas and then I'll create them. My emphasis is on finding lines that tell a really good story.One of the joys of establishing a route is then you get to name the route. One of them is named the Kill Artist, so that probably gives you a little bit of an idea of what that experience is like. I think as far as first ascentsnow, I've lost track but oh well over a 100 at this point. My father, Robert Pack, is a poet and he wrote this poem for me to express his apprehensions about my climbing but also to express his understanding for what I do."Down on firm planet earth, my wife and I share apprehensions, that are easy to explain, as dread of helplessness, and yet without the ecstasiesin disciplined suspension of her breath, are almost weightless floating there, perhaps the vast, unfathomable, uncertainty of parenthood possesses in its dark dismal depths of mad exhilarationof its own".Adapted from http://www.kekenet.com/broadcast/201912/602697.shtmluVOCABULARY1.capacityn. the ability to understand or to do sth 领悟(或理解、办事)能力。例如:lShe has an enormous capacity for hard work. 她特别能吃苦耐劳。capacity for sthlLimited resources are restricting our capacity for developing new products. 有限的资源正制约着我们开发新产品的能力。capacity for doing sthlyour capacity to enjoy life 你那享受生活乐趣的能力capacity to do sthlintellectual capacity 智能2.meditationn.(不可数名词)the practice of thinking deeply in silence, especially for religious reasons or in order to make your mind calm 冥想;沉思;深思。例如:lShe found peace through yoga and meditation. 她通过瑜伽和冥想找到了宁静。lHe was deep in meditation and didn't see me come in. 他正在沉思,没有看见我进来。3.brutalityn. a brutal act 野蛮行径。例如:It is best defined by two words: speed and brutality. 它可以通过两个词来定义:速度和野蛮。4.grovelv.(+副词或介词短语)to move along the ground on your hands and knees, especially because you are looking for sth 爬行,匍匐(尤指找东西)5.obsessionn.(可数名词)a person or thing that sb thinks about too much 使人痴迷的人(或物)。例如:Fitness has become an obsession with him. 他迷上了健身。6.improbableadj. seeming strange because it is not what you would expect 奇异的;荒谬的。例如:Her hair was an improbable shade of yellow. 她的头发带有怪怪的黄色。7.ascentn.(可数名词, 常用单数形式)the act of climbing or moving up; an upward journey 上升;升高;登高。例如:lthe first ascent of Mount Everest 首次攀登珠穆朗玛峰lThe cart began its gradual ascent up the hill. 运货马车开始缓缓上山。lThe rocket steepened its ascent. 火箭飞速升空。8.ecstasyn. a feeling or state of very great happiness 狂喜;陶醉;入迷9.unfathomableadj. too strange or difficult to be understood 难以理解的;莫测高深的。例如:an unfathomable mystery 难以解释的奥秘10.exhilarationn.(不可数名词)激动心情。例如:the exhilaration of performing on stage 在舞台上演出的激动心情uQUESTIONSRead the passage. Then listen to the news and fill in the blanks with the information (words, phrases or sentences) you hear.Really, I think I was born to be an off-width climber. That was what my body was designed for. And clearly it was what my (Q1) ________________ was designed for, because it requires an ability to (Q2) _____________________ yourself, beyond your physical capacity.My name is Pamela Shanti Peck, and I'm a (Q3) __________________ rock climber. Utah is my favorite place to climb because we have these massive sandstone cliffs, and often I'm the very first person to climb those particular cracks, so it's like being some sort of an (Q4) __________.I climb in a traditional-style, which means that I have specific (Q5) ____________ that's designed for placing in a crack, and as I climb, that gear catches me if I fall. Choosing when to place the gear, whether you're going to place the gear, what are the (Q6) ________________ you're going to fall, it just adds the component of reading the space as I climb and that makes it a little more exciting for me.Being a professional rock climber as a woman is relatively new. When I started in this particular style, it was 2010. I was the first woman to devote myself to off width-climbing, and there was a lot of (Q7) ___________________ to that and I was criticized for everything, it didn't matter what. I was criticized for wearing my hair down. I was criticized for what I wore when I climbed. Ultimately, all that (Q8) ____________________ really inspired me to continue climbing.All right, good to go.It is a (Q9) ________________ sport, so there's a lot that goes into it. I've climbed despite having broken ribs and various other injuries. In a way, maybe that's a form of meditation. I'm able to put the pain in the background, and I will make myself climb and allow myself to feel that pain after I finished the climb. And then this is an unpleasant moment where I am getting some blood work done after falling and needing to have surgery on my kidney. I've had two really bad injuries. The one was a fall where I had kidney surgery, and then the other was that one where I had the back injury. It's always historically been, maybe, the least popular style of climbing there's ever been, because of the (Q10) _________________________ of this style. But I very quickly realized that it was a technically brilliant style and an artful style, and that I could change it, that I could find new routes, and that I could establish new techniques, and my focus, as I said many times, is to bring grace to the grovel.I think my greatest passion or obsession as a climber, aside from just you know climbing off-width, is looking for (Q11) ____________________ that are improbable. I'll drive down these canyons and I'll look for routes that no one else has seen before, and it takes a certain eye, a lot of imagination, a lot of creativity. It's like being an artist, having the idea of a book, the idea for a painting, and I'm just seeking out those ideas and then I'll create them. My emphasis is on finding (Q12) __________ that tell a really good story.One of the (Q13) ________________ of establishing a route is then you get to name the route. One of them is named the Kill Artist, so that probably gives you a little bit of an idea of what that experience is like. I think as far as first ascents now, I've lost track but oh well over a 100 at this point. My father, Robert Pack, is a poet and he wrote this poem for me to express his (Q14) ____________ about my climbing but also to express his (Q15) ____________________ for what I do."Down on firm planet earth, my wife and I share apprehensions, that are easy to explain, as dread of helplessness, and yet without the ecstasies in disciplined suspension of her breath, are almost weightless floating there, perhaps the vast, unfathomable, uncertainty of parenthood possesses in its dark dismal depths of mad exhilaration of its own."uKEY Read the passage. Then listen to the news and fill in the blanks with the information (words, phrases or sentences) you hear.Really, I think I was born to be an off-width climber. That was what my body was designed for. And clearly it was what my (Q1) personalitywas designed for, because it requires an ability to (Q2) believe inyourself, beyond your physical capacity.My name is Pamela Shanti Peck, and I'm a (Q3) professionalrock climber. Utah is my favorite place to climb because we have these massive sandstone cliffs, and often I'm the very first person to climb those particular cracks, so it's like being some sort of an (Q4) explorer.I climb in a traditional-style, which means that I have specific (Q5) gearthat's designed for placing in a crack, and as I climb, that gear catches me if I fall. Choosing when to place the gear, whether you're going to place the gear, what are the (Q6) chancesyou're going to fall, it just adds the component of reading the space as I climb and that makes it a little more exciting for me.Being a professional rock climber as a woman is relatively new. When I started in this particular style, it was 2010. I was the first woman to devote myself to off width-climbing, and there was a lot of (Q7) resistanceto that and I was criticized for everything, it didn't matter what. I was criticized for wearing my hair down. I was criticized for what I wore when I climbed. Ultimately, all that (Q8) criticismreally inspired me to continue climbing.All right, good to go.It is a (Q9) dangeroussport, so there's a lot that goes into it. I've climbed despite having broken ribs and various other injuries. In a way, maybe that's a form of meditation. I'm able to put the pain in the background, and I will make myself climb and allow myself to feel that pain after I finished the climb. And then this is an unpleasant moment where I am getting some blood work done after falling and needing to have surgery on my kidney. I've had two really bad injuries. The one was a fall where I had kidney surgery, and then the other was that one where I had the back injury. It's always historically been, maybe, the least popular style of climbing there's ever been, because of the (Q10) physical brutalityof this style. But I very quickly realized that it was a technically brilliant style and an artful style, and that I could change it, that I could find new routes, and that I could establish new techniques, and my focus, as I said many times, is to bring grace to the grovel.I think my greatest passion or obsession as a climber, aside from just you know climbing off-width, is looking for (Q11) routesthat are improbable. I'll drive down these canyons and I'll look for routes that no one else has seen before, and it takes a certain eye, a lot of imagination, a lot of creativity. It's like being an artist, having the idea of a book, the idea for a painting, and I'm just seeking out those ideas and then I'll create them. My emphasis is on finding (Q12) linesthat tell a really good story.One of the (Q13) joysof establishing a route is then you get to name the route. One of them is named the Kill Artist, so that probably gives you a little bit of an idea of what that experience is like. I think as far as first ascents now, I've lost track but oh well over a 100 at this point. My father, Robert Pack, is a poet and he wrote this poem for me to express his (Q14) apprehensionsabout my climbing but also to express his (Q15) understandingfor what I do."Down on firm planet earth, my wife and I share apprehensions, that are easy to explain, as dread of helplessness, and yet without the ecstasies in disciplined suspension of her breath, are almost weightless floating there, perhaps the vast, unfathomable, uncertainty of parenthood possesses in its dark dismal depths of mad exhilaration of its own."

练习 | VOA慢速:冠状病毒爆发给全球旅游业带来的危害

VOA慢速:Coronavirus Outbreak Could Harm Tourism Industry冠状病毒爆发给全球旅游业带来的危害燕山大学 刘立军 编写uTRANSCRIPTBusiness experts had been expecting 2020 to be a good year for international tourism. They noted that trade tensions are easing, with economic conditions on the risein some countries. In addition, events like the 2020 Summer Olympics are taking place in Japan later this year.But the spread of the new coronavirus in China has caused problems for the travel industry. The virus—and efforts to contain it—may lead to billions of dollars in losses for tourism and keep millions of would-be travelers at home.Gabrielle Autry is an American living in China. She had planned to travel to Hong Kong soon to get engaged to her Chinese boyfriend. But those plans are now on hold. The two are now quarantinedat their home in Hangzhou, an eight-hour drive from the center of the outbreak in Wuhan.Autry does not know when she and her boyfriend will go to Hong Kong. She told The Associated Press (AP), "We are thankful for our health and that we are together here."At least 30 airline companies have suspended service to China. Hotel rooms in China are largely empty.Before the outbreak, the United Nations World Tourism Organization was predicting growth of 3 to 4 percent in global tourism this year. Central to those numbers was the promise of an ever-growing number of travelers from China. In 2018, Chinese nationals made nearly 150 million trips overseas and spent $277 billion.The loss of those tourists is being felt most strongly in Asian countries. Thailand, for example, expects to lose $9.7 billion in income from Chinese travelers through June. That estimate comes from Thailand’s tourism and sports minister.Arisara Chamsue operates a store near the Grand Palace in Bangkok."The day that we heard the news (about the virus)," the tourists were gone, Arisara Chamsue told The AP. "I can only make a tenth or two tenths of what I normally make."Countries outside of East Asia are also feeling the loss of Chinese tourists. Australia just announced a travel ban on visitors from mainland China. China was the largest source for international visitors to Australia last year. Around 1.4 million Chinese tourists spent $13.4 billion in the country in 2019.Italy could lose $5 billion in tourism income this year, notes Demoskopika, a polling agency.In the United States, Tourism Economics has predicted a 28-percent drop in Chinese visitors. That represents about $6 billion less spent on travel and airfare.The tourism industry will recover from the losses, as it has from health fears in other years. However, observers are divided about the amount of time that recovery will take.The World Travel and Tourism Council says it usually takes 19 months for visitor numbers to recover after a virus outbreak. And Tourism Economics expects it will be four years before Chinese tourism to the United States returns to previously expected levels.I'm Bryan Lynn.Adapted from https://www.chinavoa.com/show-8789-242061-1.htmluVOCABULARY1. on the rise在上涨(增长);蓬勃高涨2. on hold暂缓;推迟;搁置3. quarantinev.(动词 + 名词短语)to put an animal or a person into quarantine(对动物或人)进行检疫,隔离uQUESTIONSRead the statements. Then listen to the news and decide whether the statements are true (T) or false (F).1. Business experts had been expecting 2020 to be a good year for international tourism. 2. The spread of the new coronavirus in China has caused problems for the travel industry.3. Gabrielle Autry is an American living in China. 4. Autry does not know when she and her boyfriend will go to America. 5. Before the outbreak, the United Nations World Tourism Organization was predicting growth of 3 to 5 percent in global tourism this year. 6. In 2018, Chinese nationals made nearly 150 million trips overseas and spent $217 billion.7. The loss of those tourists is being felt most strongly in Asian countries. 8. Thailand expects to lose $9.7 billion in income from Chinese travelers through July. 9. Countries outside of East Asia are also feeling the loss of Chinese tourists. 10. Italy could lose $5 billion in tourism income this year.11. In the United States, Tourism Economics has predicted a 28-percent drop in Chinese visitors. 12. The World Travel and Tourism Council says it usually takes 90 months for visitor numbers to recover after a virus outbreak. uKEYRead the statements. Then listen to the news and decide whether the statements are true (T) or false (F).T 1. Business experts had been expecting 2020 to be a good year for international tourism. T 2. The spread of the new coronavirus in China has caused problems for the travel industry.T 3. Gabrielle Autry is an American living in China. F 4. Autry does not know when she and her boyfriend will go to America.(正确表达)Autry does not know when she and her boyfriend will go to Hong Kong. F 5. Before the outbreak, the United Nations World Tourism Organization was predicting growth of 3 to 5percent in global tourism this year.(正确表达)Before the outbreak, the United Nations World Tourism Organization was predicting growth of 3 to 4percent in global tourism this year. F 6. In 2018, Chinese nationals made nearly 150 million trips overseas and spent $217 billion.(正确表达)In 2018, Chinese nationals made nearly 150 million trips overseas and spent $277 billion.T 7. The loss of those tourists is being felt most strongly in Asian countries. F 8. Thailand expects to lose $9.7 billion in income from Chinese travelers through July.(正确表达)Thailand expects to lose $9.7 billion in income from Chinese travelers through June. T 9. Countries outside of East Asia are also feeling the loss of Chinese tourists. T 10. Italy could lose $5 billion in tourism income this year.T 11. In the United States, Tourism Economics has predicted a 28-percent drop in Chinese visitors. F 12. The World Travel and Tourism Council says it usually takes 90 monthsfor visitor numbers to recover after a virus outbreak.(正确表达)The World Travel and Tourism Council says it usually takes 19 monthsfor visitor numbers to recover after a virus outbreak.

练习 | 工作时心不在焉如何表达

VOA词汇掌故:工作时心不在焉如何表达燕山大学 刘立军 编写TRANSCRIPTNow, it's time for Words and Their Stories. On this program we explore common expressions in American English. Today, we talk about expressions that began behind the wheels of automobiles. Now they are common expressions that we use in everyday conversations. Well, let's not delay any longer. Let's get this show on the road!"To get the show on the road" means to begin something as soon as possible. It's a casual expression that we use when we want to start something, anything—an activity or project or an actual road trip.Well, not any activity. You would not likely use this expression to begin something sad, such as a funeral. It is a lighthearted expression.Word experts say that the phrase comes from traveling circuses and other shows of the early 1900s in the United States. These entertainers would travel from town to town bringing their performances to people not able to travel to big cities for entertainment.So, the person who says "hey, let's get this show on the road!" is taking charge. They want to start things. They want to get things going. You could say they are in the driver's seat. Just as the driver is in control of their vehicle, the person in the driver's seat of an activity, event or project is also in control. They are the leader. Feel free to use this phrase in any situation, formal or informal.Speaking of free, most rides are not. They cost money. When you take a taxi you must pay for it. If you drive a car, you must pay for gas, repairs and insurance. It is great when you get a free ride to where you are going.However, in life, to get a free ride means to gain from something without having to do anything in exchange. It can be annoying to have a friend or co-worker who is always trying to get a free ride. They do not give. They just take, take, take!Now, when we are actually driving, the phrase go down that road simply means to drive down a road. We would say this when we give directions. "Go down that road for about a mile and you'll see your destination on the right."But in conversation it has an interesting meaning.To go down that road means to make a decision. But it's more than that. It also means that this decision may bring trouble or leave you in a difficult place. We often use this phrase as a warning or when we give advice to someone.Let's say a good friend, Veronica, has a neighbor who likes causing trouble. He has loud parties every weekend until the wee hours of the night. The trash from his parties often spills out into her lawn. Veronica tells you she is going to get even with this neighbor. She plans to play opera music very loudly very early every morning until his late, loud parties stop!You might tell her, "Are you sure you want to go down that road? It could lead to trouble."Maybe you have made the same mistake. You could advise your friend, "I've been down that road before and it did not go as I had planned!"Where the rubber meets the road is another interesting phrase.Here rubber refers to the tires of a vehicle. Where the rubber meets the road is the point of contact between automobile tires and the road. It's when and where the car actually moves. It's also when you find out how the car performs.So the expression rubber meets the road means the point at which a product, idea or method is tested.Imagine you have been studying different methods of teaching people English. So far, it has all been theories. Where the rubber meets the road will be in a class full of students. That will be the real test! Will those theories actually help your students learn English? We shall see!Some driving behaviors are really dangerous and can lead to accidents.For example, when you cut someone off in traffic you turn your car into their lane in a dangerous way, nearly hitting them!You can also cut people off in conversation. Used in this way, to cut someone off (or cut off someone) means to interrupt what they are saying. It is not dangerous but it is extremely annoying.Driving in the middle of the road is really dangerous. You could crash into oncoming traffic! But in conversation, being in the middle of the road is actually a really safe place. It means you are taking a moderate position on some issue. You are not at or near one extreme or the other.The most dangerous driving behavior is not paying attention to the road. Many wrecks happen when people do not pay attention. The worst thing, by far, is to fall asleep at the wheel.We also use this expression in our conversations. To be asleep at the wheel means you are not paying attention to something that should have your attention. If the leader of a project is asleep at the wheel it means she's not paying attention to the project. Something bad will probably happen.We here at Learning English are definitely not asleep at the wheel.That's right. We pay very close attention to our audience!And that's the end of this Words and Their Stories!I'm Bryan Lynn. And I'm Anna Matteo.VOCABULARY1. lighthearted adj. 轻松愉快的;无忧无虑的 Someone who is light-hearted is cheerful and happy. 例如:They were light-hearted and prepared to enjoy life. 他们无忧无虑,随时准备享受生活。2.the wee hours: 凌晨;深夜QUESTIONSRead the passage. Then listen to the news and fill in the blanks with the information (words, phrases or sentences) you hear.Now, it's time for Words and Their Stories.On this program we explore common expressions in American English.Today, we talk about expressions that began behind (Q1) __________________. Now they are (Q2) ______________________ that we use in everyday conversations.Well, let's not delay any longer. Let's get this show on the road!"(Q3) _____________________________" means to begin something as soon as possible. It's a casual expression that we use when we want to start something, anything - an activity or project or an actual road trip.Well, not any activity. You would not likely use this expression to begin something sad, such as a funeral. It is a lighthearted expression.Word experts say that the phrase comes from traveling circuses and other shows of the early 1900s in the United States. These entertainers would travel from town to town bringing their performances to people not able to travel to big cities for entertainment.So, the person who says "hey, let's get this show on the road!" is taking charge. They want to start things. They want to get things going. You could say they are in the driver's seat. Just as the driver is in control of their vehicle, the person in the driver's seat of an activity, event or project is also in control. They are the leader. Feel free to use this phrase in any situation, formal or informal.Speaking of free, most rides are not. They cost money. When you take a taxi you must pay for it. If you drive a car, you must pay for gas, repairs and insurance. It is great when you get a free ride to where you are going.However, in life, to (Q4) __________________________ means to gain from something without having to do anything in exchange. It can be annoying to have a friend or co-worker who is always trying to get a free ride. They do not give. They just take, take, take!Now, when we are actually driving, the phrase go down that road simply means to drive down a road. We would say this when we give directions. "Go down that road for about a mile and you'll see your destination on the right."But in conversation it has an interesting meaning.To (Q5) ___________________________ means to make a decision. But it's more than that. It also means that this decision may bring trouble or leave you in a difficult place. We often use this phrase as a warning or when we give advice to someone.Let's say a good friend, Veronica, has a neighbor who likes causing trouble. He has loud parties every weekend until the wee hours of the night. The trash from his parties often spills out into her lawn. Veronica tells you she is going to get even with this neighbor. She plans to play opera music very loudly very early every morning until his late, loud parties stop!You might tell her, "Are you sure you want to go down that road? It could lead to trouble."Maybe you have made the same mistake. You could advise your friend, "I've been down that road before and it did not go as I had planned!"(Q6) _____________________________________ is another interesting phrase.Here rubber refers to the tires of a vehicle. Where the rubber meets the road is the point of contact between automobile tires and the road. It's when and where the car actually moves. It's also when you find out how the car performs.So the expression rubber meets the road means the point at which a product, idea or method is tested.Imagine you have been studying different methods of teaching people English. So far, it has all been theories. Where the rubber meets the road will be in a class full of students. That will be the real test! Will those theories actually help your students learn English? We shall see!Some driving behaviors are really dangerous and can lead to accidents.For example, when you (Q7) _____________________________________ you turn your car into their lane in a dangerous way, nearly hitting them!You can also cut people off in conversation. Used in this way, to (Q8) _______________________ (or cut off someone) means to interrupt what they are saying. It is not dangerous but it is extremely annoying.Driving (Q9) ___________________________________ is really dangerous. You could crash into oncoming traffic! But in conversation, being in the middle of the road is actually a really safe place. It means you are taking a moderate position on some issue. You are not at or near one extreme or the other.The most dangerous driving behavior is not paying attention to the road. Many wrecks happen when people do not pay attention. The worst thing, by far, is to fall asleep at the wheel.We also use this expression in our conversations. To (Q10) ______________________________ means you are not paying attention to something that should have your attention. If the leader of a project is asleep at the wheel it means she's not paying attention to the project. Something bad will probably happen.We here at Learning English are definitely not asleep at the wheel.That's right. We pay very close attention to our audience!And that's the end of this Words and Their Stories!I'm Bryan Lynn. And I'm Anna Matteo.KEYRead the passage. Then listen to the news and fill in the blanks with the information (words, phrases or sentences) you hear.Now, it's time for Words and Their Stories.On this program we explore common expressions in American English.Today, we talk about expressions that began behind (Q1) the wheels of automobiles. Now they are (Q2) common expressions that we use in everyday conversations.Well, let's not delay any longer. Let's get this show on the road!"(Q3) To get the show on the road" means to begin something as soon as possible. It's a casual expression that we use when we want to start something, anything - an activity or project or an actual road trip.Well, not any activity. You would not likely use this expression to begin something sad, such as a funeral. It is a lighthearted expression.Word experts say that the phrase comes from traveling circuses and other shows of the early 1900s in the United States. These entertainers would travel from town to town bringing their performances to people not able to travel to big cities for entertainment.So, the person who says "hey, let's get this show on the road!" is taking charge. They want to start things. They want to get things going. You could say they are in the driver's seat. Just as the driver is in control of their vehicle, the person in the driver's seat of an activity, event or project is also in control. They are the leader. Feel free to use this phrase in any situation, formal or informal.Speaking of free, most rides are not. They cost money. When you take a taxi you must pay for it. If you drive a car, you must pay for gas, repairs and insurance. It is great when you get a free ride to where you are going.However, in life, to (Q4) get a free ride means to gain from something without having to do anything in exchange. It can be annoying to have a friend or co-worker who is always trying to get a free ride. They do not give. They just take, take, take!Now, when we are actually driving, the phrase go down that road simply means to drive down a road. We would say this when we give directions. "Go down that road for about a mile and you'll see your destination on the right."But in conversation it has an interesting meaning.To (Q5) go down that road means to make a decision. But it's more than that. It also means that this decision may bring trouble or leave you in a difficult place. We often use this phrase as a warning or when we give advice to someone.Let's say a good friend, Veronica, has a neighbor who likes causing trouble. He has loud parties every weekend until the wee hours of the night. The trash from his parties often spills out into her lawn. Veronica tells you she is going to get even with this neighbor. She plans to play opera music very loudly very early every morning until his late, loud parties stop!You might tell her, "Are you sure you want to go down that road? It could lead to trouble."Maybe you have made the same mistake. You could advise your friend, "I've been down that road before and it did not go as I had planned!"(Q6) Where the rubber meets the road is another interesting phrase.Here rubber refers to the tires of a vehicle. Where the rubber meets the road is the point of contact between automobile tires and the road. It's when and where the car actually moves. It's also when you find out how the car performs.So the expression rubber meets the road means the point at which a product, idea or method is tested.Imagine you have been studying different methods of teaching people English. So far, it has all been theories. Where the rubber meets the road will be in a class full of students. That will be the real test! Will those theories actually help your students learn English? We shall see!Some driving behaviors are really dangerous and can lead to accidents.For example, when you (Q7) cut someone off in traffic you turn your car into their lane in a dangerous way, nearly hitting them!You can also cut people off in conversation. Used in this way, to (Q8) cut someone off (or cut off someone) means to interrupt what they are saying. It is not dangerous but it is extremely annoying.Driving (Q9) in the middle of the road is really dangerous. You could crash into oncoming traffic! But in conversation, being in the middle of the road is actually a really safe place. It means you are taking a moderate position on some issue. You are not at or near one extreme or the other.The most dangerous driving behavior is not paying attention to the road. Many wrecks happen when people do not pay attention. The worst thing, by far, is to fall asleep at the wheel.We also use this expression in our conversations. To (Q10) be asleep at the wheel means you are not paying attention to something that should have your attention. If the leader of a project is asleep at the wheel it means she's not paying attention to the project. Something bad will probably happen.We here at Learning English are definitely not asleep at the wheel.That's right. We pay very close attention to our audience!And that's the end of this Words and Their Stories!I'm Bryan Lynn. And I'm Anna Matteo.

第九届教学大赛翻译专业组一等奖曹敏授课

授课点评:曹敏老师对教学材料理解到位,材料运用方式灵活;课堂设计较完整,授课时间安排合理,各部分之间衔接自然。曹老师在授课过程中教态自然大方,师生互动良好,授课过程中有几处亮点,练习形式灵活多样,尤其是利用微信群给学生安排每天的学习打卡活动,是一项与时俱进的具有创新性的教学手段。曹老师的授课过程表现出来在教学方面积累了相当多的成熟经验。总之,以上均体现出曹敏老师作为一名翻译专业教师的良好综合素养。授课具体表现亮点如下:亮点1(40’-1’55 ):teaching procedures表述清晰到位,重点突出;亮点2(2’07-3’03):daily exercises in wechat groups 学练结合,形式创新,与时俱进;亮点3(9’10-13’08 ):设计练习形式灵活,难度循序渐进;亮点4(14’48- 18’08): structure of interpreting notes 将自己的笔记分享出来,通过实例解析示范做笔记的正确方法。建议:首先,曹敏老师在授课过程中没有使用板书,是一个比较明显的硬伤;在讲课环节的收束也稍显仓促,未能将重点环节自己做笔记的过程充分解析,如果适当运用板书现场与学生同时做笔记,将会更直观,达到更好的授课效果。其次,曹老师的授课环节存在教学目标设置不够明确、重点不够突出的问题。最后,希望曹老师与学生增加互动,进一步活跃课堂气氛。点评专家:司显柱教授

第九届教学大赛翻译专业组一等奖冯超说课

说课点评:冯超老师根据自己的口译实践经验,将比赛主办方提供的由三段陈述文本组成的授课内容设计成一场“模拟会议”口译实践课,并把这场微型“模拟会议”的角色设计为:1位主持人、3位发言人(分别来自“光明食品”、“路虎汽车”和“罗兰贝格咨询公司”)、1-2位译员、以及若干名观众。这样的设计能够较好地完成所给授课内容的教学任务,符合翻译专业本科高年级阶段口译教学的目标和理念。说课具体表现在说课伊始,教师把这堂课的教学目标定为;“测试(to test)学生的综合口译技巧和能力,让学生学会如何应对口译工作在现实世界中可能遇到的临时(improvised)翻译任务的挑战。”所谓“测试(to test)……的口译能力”,就是在课堂上让学生做无稿交替传译,检验学生的口译表现,培养学生临场口译的能力。但是教师在后面的说课中描述的内容似乎与开始制定的教学目标不尽一致。说课中花了较多时间描述“主持人(Modulator)”的“鲜花辞(ceremonial remarks)”,描述3位发言人的公司背景,虽能拓展学生的相关专业知识,但似乎与检测学生的“综合口译技巧和能力”的关联度不高。实际上,教师可以在课前准备好“主持人”的讲稿,并准备好主持人以及3位发言人的音频材料,在课堂上让学生听音频做“即席(improvised)”口译,使学生有真实会议口译的感觉。即使是观众提问的内容也可以成为学生的口译任务。教师后面的说课中的部分内容可以作为学生译前准备的材料,但教师并没有明确描述学生应如何为这次“模拟会议口译”做译前准备。说课建议既然教师把授课内容设计为“模拟会议”口译实践,如何实施学生的口译实践活动就应该是本次说课的主要目标。教学设计应该充分体现口译实践的学习规律,在教学安排上体现出即席口译的实践特点,突出笔记技巧和口译表现的关系,让学生巩固在授课环节中学到的在译语中再现源语“主旨信息”和“主要观点”逻辑关系的翻译技能。建议教师在课堂设计时注重“全员参与”的口译教学原则,让尽量多的学生参加“模拟会议”口译实践,而不仅只有“1-2位译员”。可以为主持人和3位发言人配备多名学生译员,观众提问也可以配备多名译员。同一段源语材料可让多名学生练习口译,这样就能使学生的参与量大大增加,使每位学生都能在“模拟会议”中感受到“即席口译”的紧迫感和挑战感。如果参赛教师注意到“全员参与”这一口译教学原则,也可更切题、中肯、有说服力地回答提问评委的问题(请参阅说课视频的“回答评委提问”部分)。点评专家:平洪教授

练习 | 新冠病毒问答(WHO):不要与发烧和咳嗽的人密切接触

新冠病毒问答(WHO):不要与发烧和咳嗽的人密切接触Why Is It Recommended to Avoid Close Contact with Anyone Who Has Fever and Cough?燕山大学 刘立军 编写uTRANSCRIPTThe New Coronavirus can spread through respiratorydroplets, which are liquids that may come out when we cough or sneeze. For this reason, it's very important to avoid close contact with anyone who has fever and cough or other respiratory symptoms. In practical terms, we recommend keeping at least one-meter distance from a sick person. Also, you should avoid shaking hands, hugging or kissing people with these symptoms.If you need to take care of a person who has fever, cough and difficult breathing, do not forget to wear a mask and, in particular, to practicehand hygiene.If you need more information on how to protect yourself from the New Coronavirus, check the WHO website at who.int.uVOCABULARY1. droplet n. a small drop of a liquid 小滴2. respiratoryadj. connected with breathing 呼吸的。例如:the respiratory system呼吸系统3. practicev. to do sth. regularly as part of your normal behaviour 经常做;养成……的习惯。例如:to practise self-restraint培养自制力uQUESTIONSListen to the news and choose the best answer to each question you hear.Q1: What are respiratory droplets?A.A kind of liquids that may come out when we cough or sneeze.B.A kind of solids that may come out when we cough or sneeze.C.A kind of liquids that may come out when we do some drinking.D.A kind of solids that may come out when we do some drinking.Q2:Why is it recommended to avoid close contact with anyone who has fever and cough?A. Because the new Coronavirus can spread through shaking hands.B.Because the new Coronavirus can spread through hugging.C.Because the new Coronavirus can spread through kissing.D.Because the new Coronavirus can spread through respiratory droplets.Q3:What should we do if we need to take care of a person who has fever, cough and difficult breathing?A.We should wear a mask only.B. We should remember to wear a mask and practice hand hygiene.C.We should practice hand hygiene only.D.We should remember to wear a mask or practice hand hygiene.uKEYQ1: A。细节题。命题出处:The New Coronavirus can spread through respiratory droplets, which are liquids that may come out when we cough or sneeze.Q2: D。推断题。命题出处:The New Coronavirus can spread through respiratory droplets, which are liquids that may come out when we cough or sneeze. For this reason, it's very important to avoid close contact with anyone who has fever and cough or other respiratory symptoms. In practical terms, we recommend keeping at least one-meter distance from a sick person. Also, you should avoid shaking hands, hugging or kissing people with these symptoms.Q3: B。细节题。命题出处:If you need to take care of a person who has fever, cough and difficult breathing, do not forget to wear a mask and, in particular, to practice hand hygiene.

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大英综合课教学设计工作坊2.0

本工作坊采取培训专家、教学大赛获奖选手和参训教师组成学习共同体的研修模式。主讲人在进行理论讲解、模式阐释和展示示范时,将以教学指 南为准则,结合中国英语能力等级量表,详解指定教材单元设计中的目标 设定、流程安排、项目设计和多层评测。参训教师通过分组合作学习和集体备课的形式,在专家指导下分模块操练单元设计的重要步骤和极富挑战 的教学整合设计任务。本工作坊旨在帮助参训教师将理论转化为实践,最 终产出和分享课程设计方案*,并将成果带回到一线课堂教学实践中去。 课程具体实施步骤设计如下:1.参训教师在培训前事先完成教学设计和二语习得新文献的阅读。2.在研修现场,培训专家将首先从当前大学英语综合课教学存在的主要问题入手,结合“金课”的核心内涵和要求,解析大学英语综合课程的教学理念,介绍以项目为中心的整合式教学设计模式。然后,基于《全新版大学 进阶英语综合教程1》的一个单元,剖析还原单元教学生成过程,展示该模式在具体教学案例中的应用。3.本研修班新增教学点评环节,拟邀请第10届“外教社杯”全国高校外语教学大赛高名次获奖选手回顾参赛心路历程,分享赛后反思。培训专家将带 领参训教师观摩选手录像,并从大赛评委、教学设计者、教学课堂观察者 等多维角度进行教学点评和解析。参训教师亦可参与评课,并与获奖选手直接互动交流。4.在最后的实操阶段,参训教师将按5-6人分组,在培训专家指导下以集 体备课形式对指定教材的其他单元进行分步骤、整体设计和互动交流,并 由专家点评。以期切实强化“金课”理念,提升教学设计能力,实现以能力 培养为目标的有效教学。* 注:研修班将汇总专家及各组学员的最终教学设计方案,编订成合集,以电子版形式分享给全体学员。

跨文化外语教学与跨文化交际能力的培养:案例教学法

根据《大学英语教学指南》与英语专业《教学标准》中的要求,结合“跨文化大赛”选手的表现,探讨跨文化视角下外语教学与大学生跨文化交际能力的培养。本期研修班特邀上海外国语大学张红玲教授团队、昆山杜克大学Don Snow教授、华东师范大学窦卫霖教授、华东理工大学颜静兰教授等专家学者,重点结合理论研究与教学实践,采用案例分析与展示的方法,探讨在高校外语课程中进行跨文化教育、设置跨文化模块课程、跨文化课程的教学设计与执行能力、跨文化交际能力培养的途径与方法等主题。

大学英语教师专业发展:教学设计能力与测评素养提升

基于对当前大学生英语学习现状和新时期英语教学要求的分析,本期研修班将组织国内大学英语教学领域研究成果丰硕、实践经验丰富的资深专家,通过专题讲座、教学示范、互动座谈等多种研修形式,深入探究新形势下大学英语教学改革的相关热点问题,如“金课”建设、有效课堂教学设计与实施、教评测的有机结合、教师测评素养等,以期帮助大学英语教师把握改革动向,更新教学理念,掌握先进、有效的教学方法,优化大学英语核心课程的教学效果。

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