练习 | 新冠病毒问答(WHO):如何正确佩戴与处理口罩

冠状病毒问答(WHO): What is the correct way to wear and dispose of masks?燕山大学 刘立军 编写 u TRANSCRIPTIf you decide to wear medical mask which is pleated and flat like this one, it is important to wear and discard it correctly. Otherwise, instead of protecting you, the mask becomes a source of infection because of the germs that may stay on it.To wear it correctly, you should locate the metal strip at the top of the mask, place over your nose bridge, secure the elastics around your ears, or tie the strings behind your head. Make sure it covers your nose, mouth, and chin. While in use, do not touch the front of your mask.To remove the mask, take the elastics from around your ears or untie the strings behind your head. Do not touch the front of the mask as it may be contaminated. Remove the mask and discard in a closed bin.Cleanse your hands with alcohol hand rub or soap and water. Hand hygiene should be done if you accidentally touch the front of your mask while wearing it. If your mask becomes damp or humid, replace it with a new dry mask. Never reuse single-use masks and discard them immediately into closed bins after each use.For more information on mask use and the New Coronavirus, check WHO website at who.int. u VOCABULARY1. mask n. a covering for part or all of the face, worn to hide or protect it 面具;面罩。例如:a gas / surgical mask防毒面具;医用口罩2. pleated adj. having pleats 打褶的;有褶的。例如:a pleated skirt有褶的裙子3. discard v. to get rid of sth that you no longer want or need 丢弃;抛弃。例如:The room was littered with discarded newspapers. 房间里到处是乱扔的报纸。4. contaminate v. to make a substance or place dirty or no longer pure by adding a substance that is dangerous or carries disease 污染;弄脏。例如:The drinking water has become contaminated with lead. 饮用水被铅污染了。 u QUESTIONSRead the passage. Then listen to the news and fill in the blanks with the information (words, phrases or sentences) you hear.If you decide to wear medical mask which is pleated and flat like this one, it is important to wear and (Q1) _______________ it correctly. Otherwise, instead of protecting you, the mask becomes a source of infection because of the (Q2) _________________ that may stay on it.To (Q3) ____________________________, you should locate the metal strip at the top of the mask, place over your (Q4) _______________________, secure the elastics around your ears, or tie the strings behind your head. Make sure it covers your nose, mouth, and chin. While in use, do not touch the (Q5) ___________________ of your mask.To (Q6) ________________________, take the elastics from around your ears or untie the strings behind your head. Do not touch the front of the mask as it may be contaminated. Remove the mask and discard in (Q7) _______________________.(Q8) ______________________ your hands with alcohol hand rub or soap and water. Hand hygiene should be done if you accidentally touch the front of your mask while wearing it. If your mask becomes damp or (Q9) ___________________, replace it with a new dry mask. Never (Q10) ______ single-use masks and discard them immediately into closed bins after each use.For more information on mask use and the New Coronavirus, check WHO website at who.int. u KEY Read the passage. Then listen to the news and fill in the blanks with the information (words, phrases or sentences) you hear.l 简化版(Q1) discard (Q2) germs (Q3) wear it correctly (Q4) nose bridge (Q5) front(Q6) remove the mask (Q7) a closed bin(Q8) Cleanse (Q9) humid (Q10) reuse l 完整版If you decide to wear medical mask which is pleated and flat like this one, it is important to wear and (Q1) discard it correctly. Otherwise, instead of protecting you, the mask becomes a source of infection because of the (Q2) germs that may stay on it.To (Q3) wear it correctly, you should locate the metal strip at the top of the mask, place over your (Q4) nose bridge, secure the elastics around your ears, or tie the strings behind your head. Make sure it covers your nose, mouth, and chin. While in use, do not touch the (Q5) front of your mask.To (Q6) remove the mask, take the elastics from around your ears or untie the strings behind your head. Do not touch the front of the mask as it may be contaminated. Remove the mask and discard in (Q7) a closed bin.(Q8) Cleanse your hands with alcohol hand rub or soap and water. Hand hygiene should be done if you accidentally touch the front of your mask while wearing it. If your mask becomes damp or (Q9) humid, replace it with a new dry mask. Never (Q10) reuse single-use masks and discard them immediately into closed bins after each use.For more information on mask use and the New Coronavirus, check WHO website at who.int.

双语阅读 | 疫情期间网课那些事

When people are picturing what education will look like in the future, it is often believed that e-learning platforms will replace physical campuses. And recently, coronavirus has launched a great online-education “experiment” in China.在畅想未来教育时,人们大多认为在线学习平台会取代实体学校。而近来由于新冠疫情,中国正进行着一场规模庞大的在线教育大“实验”。As a response to the coronavirus outbreak, schools across China havesuspendedtheir new semester and online classes have been provided to ensure that learning continues. The Ministry of Education has required educational TV channels to broadcast teaching and learning programs, so that students in the impoverished areas can also study at home. Many online education platforms have opened access to their courses and resources for free.为应对疫情的爆发,中国各地的学校均已推迟新学期开学时间,同时提供网课以确保“停课不停学”。教育部要求电视教育频道也播出教学节目,以便贫困地区的学生在家也能学习。许多在线教育平台也都免费开放了课程和资源。DingTalk, an Alibaba-owned corporate app, has been widely used in this online-education “experiment”. Every day it is holding online classes for millions of students nationwide, from primary to high school level.在此次的在线教育大“实验”中,阿里巴巴旗下的办公软件“钉钉”受到广泛应用。每天,全国有数百万中小学生通过钉钉的在线课堂进行学习。Despite its convenience, online learning seems to have lower efficiency than classroom learning, especially for students in primary and secondary schools. Due to lack ofself-discipline, many of them multitask with non-academic matters—such as chatting and gaming—instead of paying full attention to the online class. Parents are thus confronting ademandingtask. They are under pressure to cooperate with teachers by monitoring and tutoring their children at home.与课堂学习相比,在线学习尽管有其便利性,但在学习效率上似乎略逊一筹,对于小学生与初中生而言尤其如此。许多中小学生缺乏自律,在上网课的同时做着与学习无关的事情,例如聊天和游戏。于是家长多了一份吃力的工作,即配合教师,在家中监管和辅导孩子学习。家长们因此倍感压力。Complaints from teachers have also exposed the weakness of online learning. In live classes, teachers have to spend a lot of time interacting with each student to see if they are following. While online classes may seem like less work, they in fact exhaust teachers with the increasing difficulty ofimpartingknowledge effectively.来自教师的抱怨也暴露出在线学习的缺陷。在直播课上,教师们不得不耗费大量时间与每一个学生互动,以便知道他们是否跟上了教学节奏。网课看似减少了工作量,实则增加了有效传授知识的难度,让教师们疲惫不堪。As CNN reported, “converting a class that relies on face time with students torelayinformation, doesn’t translate easily into an online environment”. Based on the “results” of this online-education “experiment” , it is still too early to say this is theonsetof "spring" for online education.正如CNN报道中所称,“依靠面授来传授信息的课堂要转移至线上并不容易”。就此次在线教育“实验”的“结果”而言,要说在线教育的“春天”已经到来还为时过早。VOCABULARYsuspendv. 推迟self-disciplinen. 自律能力demandingadj. 费力的impartv. 传授(知识、信息等)relayv. 传达,转送onsetn. 开端

双语阅读 | 至尊公主号邮轮将于周一靠岸

教学素材 | 至尊公主号邮轮将于周一靠岸叶心怡 供稿 Grand Princess, another ship of Princess Cruises hit by coronavirus, will begin to allow guests to disembark Monday. 公主邮轮公司旗下另一艘爆发疫情的“至尊公主号”邮轮将于周一靠岸,游客也将陆续下船。 The ship was returning from Hawaii when it was held off the California coast. Thousands of passengers had been in limbo for days, during which officials debated the origins of the virus outbreak and developed plans to deal with the situation. President Trump has expressed his concern, saying that allowing the passengers to disembark might accelerate the spread of coronavirus in the United States.该邮轮从夏威夷返航,已在美国加利福尼亚海岸附近徘徊数日,导致数千名旅客在海上漂泊。期间美国政府官员探讨了病毒来源,并商定处理方案。特朗普总统对此表示担忧,称邮轮上的乘客下船后可能加剧美国国内疫情。 At least 21 of the nearly 3000 people on board have tested positive for the virus, and many more still need to be tested to find out how many have the virus. According to a cruise line medical officer, the 71-year-old Californian who died from coronavirus was once on board and brought the virus with him.船上近3000名人员中至少已有21人新冠病毒检测为阳性,但仍有许多人需要进行检测,因而确切感染人数尚不明确。船上一名医务人员称,此前加州有一名71岁的患者死于新冠肺炎,他曾搭乘至尊公主号,而且可能当时就已感染。 Since the ship was held offshore, helicopters and cutters were used to deliver gloves and masks to the ship and evacuate ill passengers from it. 由于邮轮无法靠岸,岸上人员使用直升机和快艇来运送手套和口罩,并从船上撤离患者。 Vice President Mike Pence said Saturday that officials have developed a plan for passengers that will be implemented this weekend, and that all the members on board would be tested for the virus and quarantined if necessary.周六美国副总统迈克·彭斯称政府已为乘客制定了下船方案,并将于本周实施。所有船上人员将接受病毒检测,并视需要进行隔离。 The ship will dock Monday in California, and those who need urgent medical treatment will be first to disembark. A spokeswoman for the Prince Cruise company says that passengers will go to facilities for testing and isolation, and crew members will be treated on the ship.邮轮将于周一在加州靠岸,需要立刻接受治疗的患者将最先下船。公主邮轮公司发言人称,他们将把乘客送往医疗机构进行测试和隔离,游轮工作人员则会在船上接受检测。 Grand Princess is the second coronavirus cruise situation of Princess Cruises. The company also owns the Diamond Princess, the ship that was quarantined in Yokohama, Japan. This previous case is related to an outbreak that infected nearly 700 passengers, among whom six have died.至尊公主号是公主邮轮公司旗下第二艘遭受新冠疫情的邮轮。该公司的钻石公主号已在日本横滨被隔离。钻石公主号上有近700名乘客被确诊感染,其中已有六人死亡。 Vocabularycruise: n. 航行disembark: v. 下(船、车、飞机等)limbo: n. 不稳定状态evacuate: v. 转移、疏散quarantine: v. 隔离

练习 | VOA慢速:冠状病毒爆发给全球旅游业带来的危害

VOA慢速:Coronavirus Outbreak Could Harm Tourism Industry冠状病毒爆发给全球旅游业带来的危害燕山大学 刘立军 编写uTRANSCRIPTBusiness experts had been expecting 2020 to be a good year for international tourism. They noted that trade tensions are easing, with economic conditions on the risein some countries. In addition, events like the 2020 Summer Olympics are taking place in Japan later this year.But the spread of the new coronavirus in China has caused problems for the travel industry. The virus—and efforts to contain it—may lead to billions of dollars in losses for tourism and keep millions of would-be travelers at home.Gabrielle Autry is an American living in China. She had planned to travel to Hong Kong soon to get engaged to her Chinese boyfriend. But those plans are now on hold. The two are now quarantinedat their home in Hangzhou, an eight-hour drive from the center of the outbreak in Wuhan.Autry does not know when she and her boyfriend will go to Hong Kong. She told The Associated Press (AP), "We are thankful for our health and that we are together here."At least 30 airline companies have suspended service to China. Hotel rooms in China are largely empty.Before the outbreak, the United Nations World Tourism Organization was predicting growth of 3 to 4 percent in global tourism this year. Central to those numbers was the promise of an ever-growing number of travelers from China. In 2018, Chinese nationals made nearly 150 million trips overseas and spent $277 billion.The loss of those tourists is being felt most strongly in Asian countries. Thailand, for example, expects to lose $9.7 billion in income from Chinese travelers through June. That estimate comes from Thailand’s tourism and sports minister.Arisara Chamsue operates a store near the Grand Palace in Bangkok."The day that we heard the news (about the virus)," the tourists were gone, Arisara Chamsue told The AP. "I can only make a tenth or two tenths of what I normally make."Countries outside of East Asia are also feeling the loss of Chinese tourists. Australia just announced a travel ban on visitors from mainland China. China was the largest source for international visitors to Australia last year. Around 1.4 million Chinese tourists spent $13.4 billion in the country in 2019.Italy could lose $5 billion in tourism income this year, notes Demoskopika, a polling agency.In the United States, Tourism Economics has predicted a 28-percent drop in Chinese visitors. That represents about $6 billion less spent on travel and airfare.The tourism industry will recover from the losses, as it has from health fears in other years. However, observers are divided about the amount of time that recovery will take.The World Travel and Tourism Council says it usually takes 19 months for visitor numbers to recover after a virus outbreak. And Tourism Economics expects it will be four years before Chinese tourism to the United States returns to previously expected levels.I'm Bryan Lynn.Adapted from https://www.chinavoa.com/show-8789-242061-1.htmluVOCABULARY1. on the rise在上涨(增长);蓬勃高涨2. on hold暂缓;推迟;搁置3. quarantinev.(动词 + 名词短语)to put an animal or a person into quarantine(对动物或人)进行检疫,隔离uQUESTIONSRead the statements. Then listen to the news and decide whether the statements are true (T) or false (F).1. Business experts had been expecting 2020 to be a good year for international tourism. 2. The spread of the new coronavirus in China has caused problems for the travel industry.3. Gabrielle Autry is an American living in China. 4. Autry does not know when she and her boyfriend will go to America. 5. Before the outbreak, the United Nations World Tourism Organization was predicting growth of 3 to 5 percent in global tourism this year. 6. In 2018, Chinese nationals made nearly 150 million trips overseas and spent $217 billion.7. The loss of those tourists is being felt most strongly in Asian countries. 8. Thailand expects to lose $9.7 billion in income from Chinese travelers through July. 9. Countries outside of East Asia are also feeling the loss of Chinese tourists. 10. Italy could lose $5 billion in tourism income this year.11. In the United States, Tourism Economics has predicted a 28-percent drop in Chinese visitors. 12. The World Travel and Tourism Council says it usually takes 90 months for visitor numbers to recover after a virus outbreak. uKEYRead the statements. Then listen to the news and decide whether the statements are true (T) or false (F).T 1. Business experts had been expecting 2020 to be a good year for international tourism. T 2. The spread of the new coronavirus in China has caused problems for the travel industry.T 3. Gabrielle Autry is an American living in China. F 4. Autry does not know when she and her boyfriend will go to America.(正确表达)Autry does not know when she and her boyfriend will go to Hong Kong. F 5. Before the outbreak, the United Nations World Tourism Organization was predicting growth of 3 to 5percent in global tourism this year.(正确表达)Before the outbreak, the United Nations World Tourism Organization was predicting growth of 3 to 4percent in global tourism this year. F 6. In 2018, Chinese nationals made nearly 150 million trips overseas and spent $217 billion.(正确表达)In 2018, Chinese nationals made nearly 150 million trips overseas and spent $277 billion.T 7. The loss of those tourists is being felt most strongly in Asian countries. F 8. Thailand expects to lose $9.7 billion in income from Chinese travelers through July.(正确表达)Thailand expects to lose $9.7 billion in income from Chinese travelers through June. T 9. Countries outside of East Asia are also feeling the loss of Chinese tourists. T 10. Italy could lose $5 billion in tourism income this year.T 11. In the United States, Tourism Economics has predicted a 28-percent drop in Chinese visitors. F 12. The World Travel and Tourism Council says it usually takes 90 monthsfor visitor numbers to recover after a virus outbreak.(正确表达)The World Travel and Tourism Council says it usually takes 19 monthsfor visitor numbers to recover after a virus outbreak.

练习 | VOA慢速:哈里梅根宣布退出英国王室

VOA慢速:哈里梅根宣布退出英国王室Harry and Meghan's Decision to Step Back燕山大学 刘立军 供稿uTRANSCRIPTBritain's Prince Harry and his wife Meghan have announced they will step back from senior positions in the royal family. The couple said they hope to become financially independent and create a new charity—while continuing some royal duties.The move came as a surprise to the British royal family. Hours after the announcement appeared on Instagram, Buckingham Palace released a short statement. It said discussions with Harry and Meghan "were at an early stage" and that such complex issues take time to work out.British media did not like the idea, either. The Daily Mirror called the announcement a "shocking disregard" for the Queen. The Sun described the decision as "Megxit." The word is a play on "Brexit"—a common term for Britain's withdrawal from the European Union.It also raises questions about how the couple will earn a living, who will pay for their security, and what their new positions will involve.lSecurity and living situationIn their announcement, Harry and Meghan said they plan to divide their time between Britain and North America.Meghan was born in Los Angeles, California, and grew up in Hollywood. Harry and Meghan spent the last six weeks of 2019 in Canada. Their first official appearance of 2020 was a trip to Canada House in London, home of Canada's diplomatic mission to Britain.They will continue to base themselves at Frogmore Cottage in the grounds of the queen's Windsor Castle while in Britain. The property was recently repaired at a cost of 2.4 million pounds ($3.13 million) by taxpayers.The couple also made clear that they expect the government to continue to pay their security costs. This is required by the Home Office, which is responsible for security of the royal family. The cost of the security is not publicly available information. But it is estimated to cost hundreds of thousands of British pounds a year.lHow will they earn a living?The couple said on their new website that they are seeking financial independence from the royal family's funding, known as the "Sovereign Grant". This is government money that covers the ongoing costs related to daily life and travel.The couple said the grant represented about 5 percent of money needed to run their official office. They did not say if they will give up the remaining 95 percent, which comes from Prince Charles' centuries-old private estate.The couple's new website, Sussex Royal, does not say exactly how they plan to fund themselves in the future. Last year, it was reported that Harry would be executive producer of a film on mental health for Apple's video streaming service. And royal writer Penny Junor suggested that Meghan, who starred in the television show Suits, might restart her acting career.The couple has not said they would give up their royal names - the Duke and Duchess of Sussex. And, their website noted that other royal family members have kept their titles while earning money in other ways.lMarriage—and the mediaHarry and Meghan married in May 2018 in a ceremony in Windsor Castle. Their marriage was considered at the time to be a sign of a more modern monarchy.Their son, Archie, was born in May 2019.The family's relationship with the media has worsened quickly over time, as they struggled to deal with the pressure, criticism and scrutiny.Harry described the media's treatment of his wife as "bullying," and likened it to that of his mother before her death. His mother, Princess Diana, died in a car crash in France in 1997 while being chased by paparazzi.Harry and Meghan announced they plan to greatly change media access to their official events. They will no longer take part in the traditional "royal rota" system, which is an agreement providing access for royal correspondents.The royal rota system permits access to their appearances and events by official correspondents. These correspondents take photographs and videos, which they then share with others in the media.Now the couple said their plan is to speak directly to the public through social media. They plan to deny automatic access to some royal correspondents.The change may make them more of a target for paparazzi photographers, who will no longer worry about losing access to official events if they are already excluded.I'm Caty Weaver. And I'm Pete Musto.Adapted from http://www.kekenet.com/broadcast/202001/603417.shtmluVOCABULARY1.scrutinyn.(不可数名词)(formal) careful and thorough examination 仔细检查;认真彻底的审查(同义词)inspection例如:lHer argument doesn't really stand up to scrutiny. 她的观点经不起认真推敲。lForeign policy has come under close scrutiny recently. 近来,政府的外交政策受到了认真彻底的审查。lThe documents should be available for public scrutiny. 这些文件应被公之于世,交由公众审议。2.paparazzon.(常用复数paparazzi)a photographer who follows famous people around in order to get interesting photographs of them to sell to a newspaper 猎奇名流的摄影记者;狗仔队uQUESTIONSTASK IListen to the news and choose the best answer to each question you hear.(Q1) What's Harry and Meghan's announcement?(A) They will step back from senior positions in the royal family. (B) They will step back from junior positions in the royal family.(C) They will become financially dependent.(D) They will not create a new charity.(Q2) What's the reaction of the British royal family to the announcement?(A) Excited.(B) Indifferent.(C) Angry.(D) Surprising.(Q3) Which British Media described the decision as "Megxit"?(A) The Daily Mirror.(B) The Sun.(C) The Guardian.(D) Instagram.TASK IIRead the statements. Then listen to the news and decide whether the statements are true (T) or false (F).1. It also raises questions about how the couple will earn a living, who will pay for their security, and what their new positions will involve.2. In their announcement, Harry and Meghan said they plan to divide their time between Britain and France.3. Meghan was born in Los Angelesand grew up in Hollywood. 4. They will continue to base themselves at Frogmore Cottage in the grounds of the queen's Windsor Castle while in Britain. 5. The couple made clear that they expect the government to continue to pay their security costs. This is required by the Royal Family.6. The couple said on their new website that they are seeking financial independence from the Home Office's funding, known as the "Sovereign Grant". 7. The couple said the grant represented about 5 percent of money needed to run their official office. They will give up the remaining 95 percent, which comes from Prince Charles' centuries-old private estate.8. The couple's new website, Sussex Royal, tells exactly how they plan to fund themselves in the future. 9. The couple has not said they would give up their royal names—the Duke and Duchess of Sussex. 10. Harry and Meghan married in May 2018 in a ceremony in Windsor Castle. 11. Harry described the media's treatment of his wife as "bullying", and likened it to that of his mother before her death. 12. Harry and Meghan announced they plan to slightly change media access to their official events. 13. The traditional "royal rota" system is an agreement providing access for royal correspondents.14. Now the couple said their plan is to speak directly to the public through social media. They plan to deny automatic access to some royal correspondents, which may make them less of a target for paparazzi photographers.uKEY TASK I(Q1) A。细节题。命题出处:Britain's Prince Harry and his wife Meghan have announced they will step back from senior positions in the royal family. The couple said they hope to become financially independent and create a new charity—while continuing some royal duties.(Q2) D。细节题。命题出处:The move came as a surprise to the British royal family.Hours after the announcement appeared on Instagram, Buckingham Palace released a short statement. It said discussions with Harry and Meghan "were at an early stage" and that such complex issues take time to work out.(Q3) B。细节题。命题出处:British media did not like the idea, either. The Daily Mirror called the announcement a "shocking disregard" for the Queen. The Sun described the decision as "Megxit."The word is a play on "Brexit"—a common term for Britain's withdrawal from the European Union.TASK IIRead the statements. Then listen to the news and decide whether the statements are true (T) or false (F).T 1. It also raises questions about how the couple will earn a living, who will pay for their security, and what their new positions will involve.F2. In their announcement, Harry and Meghan said they plan to divide their time between Britain and France.(正确表达)In their announcement, Harry and Meghan said they plan to divide their time between Britain and North America.T 3. Meghan was born in Los Angeles and grew up in Hollywood. T 4. They will continue to base themselves at Frogmore Cottage in the grounds of the queen's Windsor Castle while in Britain. F5. The couple made clear that they expect the government to continue to pay their security costs. This is required by the Royal Family.(正确表达)The couple made clear that they expect the government to continue to pay their security costs. This is required by the Home Office.F6. The couple said on their new website that they are seeking financial independence from the Home Office's funding, known as the "Sovereign Grant".(正确表达)The couple said on their new website that they are seeking financial independence from the royal family's funding, known as the "Sovereign Grant". F7. The couple said the grant represented about 5 percent of money needed to run their official office. They will give up the remaining 95 percent, which comes from Prince Charles' centuries-old private estate.(正确表达)The couple said the grant represented about 5 percent of money needed to run their official office. They did not say if they will give up the remaining 95 percent, which comes from Prince Charles' centuries-old private estate.F8. The couple's new website, Sussex Royal, tells exactlyhow they plan to fund themselves in the future.(正确表达)The couple's new website, Sussex Royal, does not say exactlyhow they plan to fund themselves in the future. T 9. The couple has not said they would give up their royal names—the Duke and Duchess of Sussex. T 10. Harry and Meghan married in May 2018 in a ceremony in Windsor Castle. T 11. Harry described the media's treatment of his wife as "bullying", and likened it to that of his mother before her death. F12. Harry and Meghan announced they plan to slightlychange media access to their official events.(正确表达)Harry and Meghan announced they plan to greatlychange media access to their official events. T 13. The traditional "royal rota" system is an agreement providing access for royal correspondents. F14. Now the couple said their plan is to speak directly to the public through social media. They plan to deny automatic access to some royal correspondents, which may make them less of a targetfor paparazzi photographers.(正确表达)Now the couple said their plan is to speak directly to the public through social media. They plan to deny automatic access to some royal correspondents, which may make them more of a targetfor paparazzi photographers.

练习 | VOA慢速:亚太地区仍有近5亿人口深陷贫困

VOA慢速:亚太地区仍有近5亿人口深陷贫困燕山大学 刘立军 编写TRANSCRIPTA new report says nearly 500 million people in East Asia and Pacific Ocean countries suffer from hunger and poor nutrition.United Nations (UN) agencies released the report on December 11. The agencies include the UN's Food and Agriculture Organization, UNICEF, the World Food Program and the World Health Organization.Observers say the UN's aim to end world hunger by the year 2030 requires that millions of people escape food insecurity each month.The report notes slow progress and even some failures in the areas of child wasting, stunting and other problems related to malnutrition. Worsening levels of inequality mean that earnings in Asia and the Pacific are not increasing fast enough to help ensure healthy diets for hundreds of millions living in poverty.The report urges governments to combine efforts to end poverty with nutrition, health and education-related policies.The UN's sustainable development goals for 2030 call for ending hunger and making sure all people have access to food year-round."We are not on track," said Kundhavi Kadiresan of the UN Food and Agriculture Organization. "Progress in reducing undernourishment has slowed a lot in the past few years."More than one-fifth of all people in the Asia-Pacific area face moderate to severe food insecurity. That means they must go hungry part of the year, and in the worst cases, go days without eating.The UN agencies' report says more than half of the 479 million in the area who do not get enough to eat live in South Asia. More than one-third of all children there suffer from chronic malnutrition, said the report.In India, nearly 21 percent of children suffer from wasting, a more severe form of malnutrition.Michael Samson is research director of the Economic Policy Research Institute. He spoke earlier this month at the report's release in Bangkok. Samson said that failing to ensure children are well fed endangers their future development, especially their mental abilities.He added: "Investing in the first 1,000 days (of a child's life) is the most important investment you can make in future productivity."Some governments in Southeast Asia have begun enacting policies aimed at ending poor nutrition in children and mothers. Thailand has provided aid that has helped improve the health and diets of families with young children.In Myanmar, experimental programs in the Chin state are being expanded to other parts of the country.Cambodia is expanding a program that the U.S. Agency for International Development helped to set up. The program is called NOURISH. It provides help for poor pregnant women and families during the first 1,000 days of a baby's life.Laura Cardinal directed the program. She says there was a nearly 20% decrease in developmental issues and improvement in children's diets in areas where NOURISH operated.I'm Jonathan Evans.VOCABULARY1.escape v. escape (from sth) to get away from an unpleasant or dangerous situation (从不愉快或危险处境中)逃脱,摆脱,逃避。用法:① (单独使用的动词) 例如:She managed to escape from the burning car. 她设法从燃烧的汽车里逃了出来。② (动词 + 名词短语) 例如:They were glad to have escaped the clutches of winter for another year.他们很高兴又一年躲过了寒冬的魔爪。③ (无被动态) to avoid sth unpleasant or dangerous 避开,避免(不愉快或危险的事物)(动词 + 名词短语) 例如:She was lucky to escape punishment. 她逃脱惩罚真是幸运。The pilot escaped death by seconds. 这位飞行员数秒之内死里逃生。There was no escaping the fact that he was overweight. 他身体超重这一事实是无法回避的。④ (动词 + -ing短语) 例如:He narrowly escaped being killed. 他险些丧命。2.stunt v. (动词 + 名词短语) to prevent sb/sth from growing or developing as much as they/it should 阻碍生长;妨碍发展;遏制。例如:The constant winds had stunted the growth of plants and bushes. 老是刮风,花草、灌木长不大。His illness had not stunted his creativity. 疾病没有扼杀他的创造力。3.malnutrition n. (不可数名词) a poor condition of health caused by a lack of food or a lack of the right type of food 营养不良4.chronic adj. (especially of a disease 尤指疾病) lasting for a long time; difficult to cure or get rid of 长期的;慢性的;难以治愈(或根除)的。例如:chronic bronchitis/arthritis/asthma慢性支气管炎 / 关节炎 / 哮喘the country's chronic unemployment problem该国长期存在的失业问题a chronic shortage of housing in rural areas农村地区住房的长期匮乏5.wastingadj. a wasting disease or illness is one that causes sb to gradually become weaker and thinner (指疾病)消耗性的,使消瘦的,使虚弱的, 文中指消耗性的疾病。6. enactv. 制定(法律)QUESTIONSRead the statements. Then listen to the news and check the true (T) or false (F) statements.1. A new report says nearly 500 million people in Southeast Asia and Pacific Ocean countries suffer from hunger and poor nutrition.2. Observers say the UN's aim to end world hunger by the year 2030 requires that millions of people escape food insecurity each year.3. The report notes slow progress and even some failures in the areas of child wasting, stunting and other problems related to malnutrition.4. The report urges governments to combine efforts to end poverty with nutrition, health and education-related policies.5. The UN's sustainable development goals for 2030 call for ending hunger and making sure all poor people have access to food year-round.6. More than one-fiftieth of all people in the Asia-Pacific area face moderate to severe food insecurity.7. The UN agencies' report says more than half of the 479 million in the area who do not get enough to eat live in South Asia.8. More than one-third of all children in South Asia suffer from chronic malnutrition.9. In India, nearly 21 percent of children suffer from wasting.10. Some governments in East Asia have begun enacting policies aimed at ending poor nutrition in children and mothers.11. Thailand has provided aid that has helped improve the health and diets of families with young children.12. In Myanmar, experimental programs in the Chin state are being expanded to other parts of the country.13. Cambodia is expanding a program, which provides help for poor pregnant women and families during the first 1,000 days of a baby's life.KEYRead the statements. Then listen to the news and check the true (T) or false (F) statements.(F)1. A new report says nearly 500 million people in Southeast Asia and Pacific Ocean countries suffer from hunger and poor nutrition.(正确表达) A new report says nearly 500 million people in East Asia and Pacific Ocean countries suffer from hunger and poor nutrition.(F)2. Observers say the UN's aim to end world hunger by the year 2030 requires that millions of people escape food insecurity each year.(正确表达) Observers say the UN's aim to end world hunger by the year 2030 requires that millions of people escape food insecurity each month.(T)3. The report notes slow progress and even some failures in the areas of child wasting, stunting and other problems related to malnutrition.(T)4. The report urges governments to combine efforts to end poverty with nutrition, health and education-related policies.(F)5. The UN's sustainable development goals for 2030 call for ending hunger and making sure all poor people have access to food year-round.(正确表达)The UN's sustainable development goals for 2030 call for ending hunger and making sure all people have access to food year-round.(F)6.More than one-fiftieth of all people in the Asia-Pacific area face moderate to severe food insecurity.(正确表达) More than one-fifth of all people in the Asia-Pacific area face moderate to severe food insecurity.(T)7. The UN agencies' report says more than half of the 479 million in the area who do not get enough to eat live in South Asia.(T)8. More than one-third of all children in South Asia suffer from chronic malnutrition.(T)9. In India, nearly 21 percent of children suffer from wasting.(F)10. Some governments in East Asia have begun enacting policies aimed at ending poor nutrition in children and mothers.(正确表达)Some governments in Southeast Asia have begun enacting policies aimed at ending poor nutrition in children and mothers.(T)11. Thailand has provided aid that has helped improve the health and diets of families with young children.(T)12. In Myanmar, experimental programs in the Chin state are being expanded to other parts of the country.(T)13. Cambodia is expanding a program, which provides help for poor pregnant women and families during the first 1,000 days of a baby's life.

第九届教学大赛翻译专业组一等奖冯超说课

说课点评:冯超老师根据自己的口译实践经验,将比赛主办方提供的由三段陈述文本组成的授课内容设计成一场“模拟会议”口译实践课,并把这场微型“模拟会议”的角色设计为:1位主持人、3位发言人(分别来自“光明食品”、“路虎汽车”和“罗兰贝格咨询公司”)、1-2位译员、以及若干名观众。这样的设计能够较好地完成所给授课内容的教学任务,符合翻译专业本科高年级阶段口译教学的目标和理念。说课具体表现在说课伊始,教师把这堂课的教学目标定为;“测试(to test)学生的综合口译技巧和能力,让学生学会如何应对口译工作在现实世界中可能遇到的临时(improvised)翻译任务的挑战。”所谓“测试(to test)……的口译能力”,就是在课堂上让学生做无稿交替传译,检验学生的口译表现,培养学生临场口译的能力。但是教师在后面的说课中描述的内容似乎与开始制定的教学目标不尽一致。说课中花了较多时间描述“主持人(Modulator)”的“鲜花辞(ceremonial remarks)”,描述3位发言人的公司背景,虽能拓展学生的相关专业知识,但似乎与检测学生的“综合口译技巧和能力”的关联度不高。实际上,教师可以在课前准备好“主持人”的讲稿,并准备好主持人以及3位发言人的音频材料,在课堂上让学生听音频做“即席(improvised)”口译,使学生有真实会议口译的感觉。即使是观众提问的内容也可以成为学生的口译任务。教师后面的说课中的部分内容可以作为学生译前准备的材料,但教师并没有明确描述学生应如何为这次“模拟会议口译”做译前准备。说课建议既然教师把授课内容设计为“模拟会议”口译实践,如何实施学生的口译实践活动就应该是本次说课的主要目标。教学设计应该充分体现口译实践的学习规律,在教学安排上体现出即席口译的实践特点,突出笔记技巧和口译表现的关系,让学生巩固在授课环节中学到的在译语中再现源语“主旨信息”和“主要观点”逻辑关系的翻译技能。建议教师在课堂设计时注重“全员参与”的口译教学原则,让尽量多的学生参加“模拟会议”口译实践,而不仅只有“1-2位译员”。可以为主持人和3位发言人配备多名学生译员,观众提问也可以配备多名译员。同一段源语材料可让多名学生练习口译,这样就能使学生的参与量大大增加,使每位学生都能在“模拟会议”中感受到“即席口译”的紧迫感和挑战感。如果参赛教师注意到“全员参与”这一口译教学原则,也可更切题、中肯、有说服力地回答提问评委的问题(请参阅说课视频的“回答评委提问”部分)。点评专家:平洪教授

第九届教学大赛商务英语专业组二等奖王涛授课

授课点评:王涛老师的授课目标清晰,课堂安排合理,教学过程生动有趣。20分钟的授课,王老师设计了各项课堂活动,牢牢抓住了学生的注意力,较好地完成了预期目标。针对“商务英语中的跨文化交流”这一议题,王涛老师以情景设计为主线,从自身口译经历中感受到的文化差异入手,切入课文中的跨文化元素,分析篇章结构特点,进而引导学生的深度思考和批判思维。无论是“小测验”的设计(02'05''—03'33''),还是引导阅读时的“问题意识”(08'20''—13'30''),或者模拟商务会谈现场的“角色扮演”(14'10—17'20''),王涛老师都用心组织授课材料,从伊斯兰文化、日本文化、印度尼西亚文化、芬兰文化中的细节差异入手,培养学生的文化敏感。课堂上关于日美、中美双边商务会谈的现场模拟,王老师的任务设计也恰到好处。总之,王涛老师注重课堂活动的设计,形式多样,与学生互动紧密,集知识性、趣味性和思考性于一体,引导学生学习商务谈判中的核心要素。值得关注的是,王涛老师的课堂还兼顾了语言基本功学习,在词根分析、词义解释、图片描述、同义词等词汇拓展中启发了学生的外语学习能力。建议就这一环节投入更多时间更多教学设计,使学生的外语技能与文化知识同步提高。点评专家:汪小玲教授

练习 | 新冠病毒问答(WHO):如何保护自己和他人

新冠病毒问答(WHO):如何保护自己和他人What Can People Do to Protect Themselves and Others from Getting the New Coronavirus?燕山大学 刘立军 供稿TRANSCRIPTThere are several measures you can adopt to protect yourself and others from getting the New Coronavirus.Frequently clean your hands by using an alcohol-based hand rub product, like a gel, or wash your hands with soap and water.When coughing and sneezing, cover your mouth and nose with flexed elbow, like this, or use a tissue. If you use a tissue, discard it immediately into a closed bin.Avoid close contact with anyone that has fever and cough.And if you have fever, cough and difficulty breathing, seek medical care early, and share information about any recent travels with your health care provider.If you just have mild respiratory symptoms and no specific travel history, carefully follow the precautions I just explained; and make sure you stay home until recovery.If you need more information on how to protect yourself from the New Coronavirus, check the WHO website at who.int.VOCABULARY1. hand rub n. 洗手液2. gel n. a thick substance like jelly, especially one used in products for the hair or skin 凝胶,冻胶,胶质体(尤指用于头发或护肤的产品)。例如:hair 发胶3. discard v. to get rid of sth that you no longer want or need 丢弃;抛弃。例如:The room was littered with discarded newspapers. 房间里到处是乱扔的报纸。4. mild adj. not severe or strong 温和的;和善的;不严厉的。例如:a mild form of the disease病势不重QUESTIONSRead the statements. Then listen to the news and check the True (T) or False (F) statements.1. There are few measures we can adopt to protect ourselves and others from getting the New Coronavirus.2. We can frequently clean our hands by using a gel.3. We can wash our hands with vinegar and water.4. When coughing and sneezing, we can cover our mouth and nose with a tissue.5. If we use a tissue, we should discard it immediately into an open bin.6. We should avoid close contact with an animal that has fever and cough.7. If we have fever, cough and difficulty breathing, we should seek medical care early, and share our recent travel information with our health care provider.8. Although we just have mild respiratory symptoms and no specific travel history, we cannot stay home until recovery.KEYRead the statements. Then listen to the news and check the True (T) or False (F) statements.(F) 1. There are few measures we can adopt to protect ourselves and others from getting the New Coronavirus.(正确表达)There are several measures we can adopt to protect ourselves and others from getting the New Coronavirus.(T) 2. We can frequently clean our hands by using a gel.(F) 3. We can wash our hands with vinegar and water.(正确表达)We can wash our hands with soap and water.(T) 4. When coughing and sneezing, we can cover our mouth and nose with a tissue.(F) 5. If we use a tissue, we should discard it immediately into an open bin.(正确表达)If we use a tissue, we should discard it immediately into a closed bin.(F) 6. We should avoid close contact with an animal that has fever and cough.(正确表达)We should avoid close contact with anyone that has fever and cough.(T) 7. If we have fever, cough and difficulty breathing, we should seek medical care early, and share our recent travel information with our health care provider.(F) 8. Although we just have mild respiratory symptoms and no specific travel history, we cannot stay home until recovery.(正确表达)If we just have mild respiratory symptoms and no specific travel history, we can stay home until recovery.

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