学会描述外貌和兴趣

对于这样的面试套路,想必大家都已经麻木了。机械式的一问一答,一听便知后文的陈词滥调,让面试官和面试者双方都“习惯性尴尬”。为了让面试变得更加有针对性,如今的面试官会使出各种“花招”,试图挖掘出你个性中的潜力。对于面试者来说,应对一场面试不仅仅是“见招拆招”,更是认清自己、找准方向的一次机会。充分展现出自己的兴趣爱好,性格特点,便是让面试官了解你个人能力的关键所在。换句话说,我们缺乏的是一种善于观察自己、描述自己的能力。我们有一双单眼皮还是双眼皮,我们的脸型是瓜子脸还是国字脸,发色是黑中带褐还是乌黑油亮?我们常常拿“外貌协会”来说事,却经常忽视了容貌上的一个小小特征或是举手投足间的小小习惯或许决定了我们给别人留下的印象。同样是听音乐、看电影,有些人痴迷于80年代的某个“过气”歌手,有些人钟情于欧洲的文艺影片,也有些人对黑胶唱片趋之若鹜。其实仔细探究每个人的生活方式,我们都能或多或少发现一些不为人知的细节。殊不知,在一篇作文,一场面试中,用一颗敏锐的心灵去将它们娓娓道来、细细述说,人性之中的闪光点,就能被观察者的双眼所捕捉。借此,我们推出今天的微课How to Describe One's Appearance and Hobby,通过学习如何描绘一个人的容貌和兴趣,让你更好地观察生活,了解彼此。

并不相同的同义词

“Thesaurus”是什么?动动拇指查一下,它的释义是“分类词典;同义词词典”。你或许会纳闷,“同义词词典”不就是“Dictionary of Synonyms”嘛?而“分类词典”又是什么样的词典呢?其实,“thesaurus”是英语世界所采用的一种以分类进行排序的同义词词典,与采用字母顺序排列的常规词典(dictionary)不同,“thesaurus”更注重对同类、同义词的详尽列举,而不是针对词汇的释义展开解释。对于英语写作者来说,这是一本不可或缺的工具书,它能够为遣词造句、丰富表达提供无限的可能。当然,想要灵活使用同近义词来润色语言,首先要学会对它们进行理解和辨析,这也是同义词之所以近义却又不同“形”的核心所在:有些语气直截了当、有些委婉曲折;有些程度深、有些程度浅;有些搭配物,有些搭配人……词义上的细微差别是一部分,而用法、搭配上的规则是另一部分。前者如happy这类意义宽泛的形容词,对应的同义词就可以来上“好几打”:pleasant、joyful、delighted、glad、contented、merry、gleeful、jocular、jolly……查阅词典辨析一下,你会发现gleeful有点高兴过了头,常带有“幸灾乐祸”的味道;而contented则“从不逾矩,知足常乐”;jolly则更加贴近生活,所表达的“快乐”轻松而又惬意。后者的经典案例则可以看一下lonely和alone的辨析:alone既可以作形容词也可作副词,而lonely只能作形容词;在都作形容词用的前提下,alone常与be动词连用,在句中作表语,而lonely则既可作定语,又可作表语,带有浓厚的感情色彩——“孤独的、寂寞的”;而当alone作副词用的时候,还有诸多其它的用法……学会辨析同近义词,其实就是学会了词汇的精准运用——什么时候该说什么话,什么句子该用什么词,表述明白晓畅,谈吐方能得体大方。今天我们就来给同义词分分类,理理顺,从“绝对同义词”到它们不同的“style”,条分缕析地来看看它们相似的外表下,藏着什么样不同的DNA。

想买格陵兰岛?没门!

Right before the G7 summit in Biarritz, France, American president Donald Trump had already won the most attention from the world, again. This time he was commented by a rival candidate as "crazy like a fox" when he floated the idea of buying Greenland.在今年法国比亚里茨举行的“G7”峰会前夕,美国总统特朗普就又一次赚足了眼球。这次他想出了买下格陵兰岛的“馊主意”,为此竞选对手还称他“如狐狸一般疯狂”。Everything started with news leaked several days before the summit that Donald Trump had expressed interest in acquiring Greenland from Denmark. When many were thinking it was another Trump's joke, the American president responded to the Danish prime minister's dismissal of the idea as "absurd" by cancelling a visit planned for September.一切起源于峰会开始前几天传出特朗普想从丹麦手中买下格陵兰岛的消息。丹麦首相随即回应,称这样的想法“非常荒谬”。正当大家认为特朗普又在闹国际笑话之时,没想到他还当真了,取消了原定九月访问丹麦的行程以表达对丹麦首相言论的不满。Critics argue that it is essentially a problem of resources. Donald Trump is right that Greenland is valuable. It has vast stores of zinc, copper, iron ore and uranium — all of which are becoming more accessible with global warming. It lies conveniently between North America and Eurasia. But his notion that the way to access this value is to buy it from another country is a throwback to the 19th century.评论人士指出,这场闹剧背后实则是美国对资源的觊觎。特朗普想要购岛,的确是看准了格陵兰岛的巨大价值。岛上矿产资源丰富,蕴含锌、铜、铁、铀矿等,而随着全球变暖,这些矿产资源逐渐具备开采条件。格陵兰岛又坐落于北美和欧亚大陆之间,运输便捷。但是想要通过“购地”来攫取资源不免让人觉得“太陈腐”,有种十九世纪历史重现的味道。Then, the United States bought or conquered a great deal of land, from the Louisiana Purchase in 1803 to the Philippine annexation in 1899. That pattern of forthright acquisition ended in the middle of the 20th century, though, as colonized people worldwide rebelled against imperialism.整个十九世纪,美国通过强征强买获取了大量领土,从1803年路易斯安那购地案开始,美国便开始了野心勃勃的“买买买”,一直到1899年占领菲律宾。这样的强取豪夺在二十世纪中期总算告一段落。彼时,全球反抗殖民的热潮频起,帝国主义走向没落。Greenland Is Not Green“Greenland”并不“Green”Greenland's relationship with Denmark stretches back thousands of years, and the island officially became part of the Kingdom of Denmark in the 1920s. It was granted home rule in 1979 and is now considered an autonomous area within the kingdom of Denmark. The Danish government handles foreign affairs and national defense, but the Greenland government controls everything else.格陵兰岛与丹麦的历史可以追溯到几千年以前,但直到上世纪二十年代才终于被划入丹麦王国的版图。1979年,格陵兰岛取得自治权,作为丹麦的自治领土,它的外交和国防事务由丹麦政府管辖,而其他的一切事务均由地方政府自治。Unlike its name, Greenland has little "greenness". It is not even an easy place to call home — 80% of the island is covered in an ice sheet that can be up to 3 km thick, and temperatures regularly drop below -30 degrees Celsius during the dark winter months.“格陵兰岛”在英文中的字面意义是“绿色的岛”,但实际情况却并非如此,这里甚至不太适合人类居住——超过80%的岛屿面积都被冰川覆盖,最厚的甚至能达到三千米。在极夜降临的冬季,这里的气温能轻松突破零下30摄氏度。Despite the tourism potential and abundant resources, Greenland is an alarming symbol of how human activity has accelerated the course of climate change. The glaciers of Greenland are contributing to a rise in the global sea level faster than was previously believed. Between 1991 and 2004, monitoring of the weather at one location showed that the average winter temperature had risen almost 6 degrees. Keep it cool, is probably the best option for Greenland.尽管格陵兰岛蕴藏着丰富的旅游和矿产资源,但它也在不断向我们证明人类活动是如何加速气候变化的进程的。格陵兰岛上冰川融化的速度超出我们的想象。一项从1991年到2004年的定点监测显示,这段时间内格陵兰岛的冬季均温竟然上升了6度之多。保持“冷酷”,或许才是格陵兰岛最好的归宿。VOCABULARYdismissal: n. 不予理睬throwback: n. 返祖forthright: adj. 直截了当的

练习 | VOA慢速:不良的睡眠行为与许多健康问题有关

燕山大学 刘立军 编写 TRANSCRIPTPeople who have repeatedly changing sleep and wake times and get different amounts of sleep each night are more likely to have metabolic health conditions. That is the finding of a new study.For years, lack of sleep has been linked to a wide collection of metabolic conditions, including obesity, high blood pressure, and diabetes. But until the recent study, health researchers did not know much about the effects of inconsistent sleep, including nightly changes in sleep amount and timing.Tianyi Huang is among the writers of the study. Huang is with the Brigham and Women's Hospital and Harvard Medical School in Boston.In an email to Reuters News Agency, Huang said that more inconsistent sleep times are associated with higher metabolic disease risk. And that is "no matter if one has short or long sleep duration or has good or poor sleep quality."The researcher explained that night-to-night differences in sleep, either duration or timing, are associated with high risk of having several metabolic problems at the same time.Huang added that these effects cannot be avoided by having a longer sleep duration on some nights.For the study, 2,003 patients did home-based sleep studies for one week. They used devices known as actigraphs, which measure nighttime movements and sleep-wake cycles. The study was published in Diabetes Care.On average, these people got about 7.15 hours of sleep each night and went to bed at around 11:40 p.m. Around two-thirds of them had more than one hour of change in sleep duration. And 45 percent of them had more than one hour of change in their bedtimes.A total of 707 patients, or 35 percent, had metabolic syndrome - several types of metabolic problems that increase heart disease risks. They included increased blood pressure, high blood sugar, more fat around the stomach, and abnormal levels of some body chemicals.Compared to people who had less than one hour of change in sleep duration, people whose sleep duration changed by 60 to 90 minutes were 27 percent more likely to have metabolic syndrome. The increase rose to 41 percent for people with 90 to 120 minutes of change in sleep duration. It rose to 57 percent with more than two hours of change in sleep duration.Compared with people with no more than half an hour of change in their nightly bedtime, people whose bedtime changed by 30 to 60 minutes were similarly associated with metabolic syndrome. But it was 14 percent higher when bedtimes changed by 60 to 90 minutes. It was 58 percent higher when bedtimes changed by more than 90 minutes.The study was not designed to prove whether or how changes in sleep duration or bedtimes might cause metabolic syndrome. Instead, it showed an association between inconsistent sleep behavior and metabolic diseases.Kristen Knutson is a researcher at Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine in Chicago. She said the reason high inconsistency in sleep affects metabolic health may be about our biological clocks. Knutson was not involved in the study.She said in an email that the human body has 24-hour rhythms and these rhythms must work together and with the environment for good health.If a person sleeps at different times and different amounts, she said, the body's clocks may have difficulty "staying synchronized" which may lead to harm.One limitation of the study is that researchers only studied sleep for one week. So the patients' longer-term sleep behavior is unknown. Researchers also lacked information on things that affect sleep consistency, like eating breakfast and meal timing, both of which also affect metabolic health.This week-long study was part of a longer-term study on sleep consistency and metabolic problems financed by the National Institutes of Health.Health experts say most adults need at least seven hours of sleep each night.For the right amount and to avoid sleep-related problems, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention offer guidelines. They include setting a consistent bedtime, sleeping in a dark room without electronics and avoiding large meals, caffeine and alcohol before bed.I'm Alice Bryant. And I'm Jill Robbins.Adapted from: http://www.hxen.com/englishlistening/voaenglish/voaspecialenglish/2019-07-17/521265_2.html VOCABULARY1. metabolic adj. 新陈代谢的。(常用于名词前) a metabolic process / disorder新陈代谢过程 / 紊乱2. obesity n. 肥胖。(不可数名词) Obesity can increase the risk of heart disease. 肥胖会增加患心脏病的危险。3. inconsistent adj. (disapproving) tending to change too often; not staying the same 反复无常的;没有常性的。例如: inconsistent results变幻无常的结果 Children find it difficult if a parent is inconsistent. 如果做父母的不始终如一,孩子会觉得无所适从。4. rhythm n. a strong regular repeated pattern of sounds or movements 节奏;韵律;律动。例如: to dance to the rhythm of the music随着音乐的节奏跳舞 music with a fast / slow / steady rhythm节奏快的 / 慢的 / 平稳的音乐 jazz rhythms爵士乐的节奏 He can't seem to play in rhythm. 他的演奏好像不合节拍。 The boat rocked up and down in rhythm with the sea. 小船随着海浪起伏有致。 the rhythm of her breathing她的呼吸节奏 a dancer with a natural sense of rhythm (= the ability to move in time to a fixed beat) 天生节奏感很强的舞蹈者.5. synchronize v. synchronize (sth) (with sth.) to happen at the same time or to move at the same speed as sth.; to make sth. do this (使)同步,在时间上一致,同速进行。 (单独使用的动词) 例如:The sound track did not synchronize with the action. 声迹与动作不同步。 (动词 + 名词短语) 例如:Let's synchronize our watches (= make them show exactly the same time). 咱们对一下表吧。6. caffeine n. (不可数名词) a drug found in coffee and tea that makes you feel more active 咖啡因;咖啡碱 QUESTIONSRead the statements. Then listen to the news and check the true (ü) or false (û) statements. 1. People who have repeatedly changing sleep and wake times and get different amounts of sleep each night are more likely to have metabolic health conditions. 2. But until the recent study, health researchers knew much about the effects of inconsistent sleep. 3. Huang said that more inconsistent sleep times are associated with higher metabolic disease risk. 4. Huang added that these effects can be avoided by having a longer sleep duration on some nights. 5. For the study, 2,003 patients did home-based sleep studies for one week. 6. On average, these people got about 7.15 hours of sleep each night and went to bed at around 11:40 p.m. 7. Around two-thirds of them had more than one hour of change in sleep duration. 8. And 45 percent of them had more than one hour of change in their bedtimes. 9. The study was designed to show an association between inconsistent sleep behavior and metabolic diseases. 10. Kristen Knutson pointed out that the human body has 24-hour rhythms and these rhythms must work together and with the environment for good health. 11. If a person sleeps at different times and different amounts, said Kristen Knutson, the body's clocks may have difficulty "staying synchronized" which may lead to harm. 12. One limitation of the study is that researchers only studied sleep for two weeks. 13. Health experts say most adults need at least six hours of sleep each night. 14. For the right amount and to avoid sleep-related problems, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention offer guidelines. They include setting a consistent bedtime, sleeping in a quiet room without electronics and avoiding large meals, caffeine and alcohol before bed. KEYRead the statements. Then listen to the news and check the true (ü) or false (û) statements.ü 1. People who have repeatedly changing sleep and wake times and get different amounts of sleep each night are more likely to have metabolic health conditions.û 2. But until the recent study, health researchers knew much about the effects of inconsistent sleep. (正确表达) But until the recent study, health researchers did not know much about the effects of inconsistent sleep.ü 3. Huang said that more inconsistent sleep times are associated with higher metabolic disease risk. 4. Huang added that these effects can be avoided by having a longer sleep duration on some nights. (正确表达) Huang added that these effects cannot be avoided by having a longer sleep duration on some nights.ü 5. For the study, 2,003 patients did home-based sleep studies for one week.ü 6. On average, these people got about 7.15 hours of sleep each night and went to bed at around 11:40 p.m.ü 7. Around two-thirds of them had more than one hour of change in sleep duration.ü 8. And 45 percent of them had more than one hour of change in their bedtimes.ü 9. The study was designed to show an association between inconsistent sleep behavior and metabolic diseases.ü 10. Kristen Knutson pointed out that the human body has 24-hour rhythms and these rhythms must work together and with the environment for good health.ü 11. If a person sleeps at different times and different amounts, said Kristen Knutson, the body's clocks may have difficulty "staying synchronized" which may lead to harm.û 12. One limitation of the study is that researchers only studied sleep for two weeks. (正确表达) One limitation of the study is that researchers only studied sleep for one week.û 13. Health experts say most adults need at least six hours of sleep each night. (正确表达) Health experts say most adults need at least seven hours of sleep each night.û 14. For the right amount and to avoid sleep-related problems, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention offer guidelines. They include setting a consistent bedtime, sleeping in a quiet room without electronics and avoiding large meals, caffeine and alcohol before bed. (正确表达) For the right amount and to avoid sleep-related problems, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention offer guidelines. They include setting a consistent bedtime, sleeping in a dark room without electronics and avoiding large meals, caffeine and alcohol before bed.

练习 | VOA慢速:美国早餐的历史

燕山大学 刘立军 编写 TRANSCRIPTSince the earliest days of the United States, Americans began their days by eating whatever was most easily available. These foods often included bread, eggs or leftovers - food left over from the night before.Today, ease is still an important factor when it comes to breakfast. However, what people eat has changed over time. And some of today's common breakfast foods, such as cereal, are the result of very effective marketing."Advertising was practically invented to sell cereal," says Heather Arndt Anderson. She is the writer of the book "Breakfast: A History."Arndt Anderson adds, "One of the first ways advertising was successfully or effectively used was to convince mothers that it was okay for their children to eat these instant cereals. It sort of offered working mothers a chance to let kids take care of themselves in the morning."As women entered the workforce to help support their families, cereal was a food kids could make on their own."That's still sort of the power, really the lasting effect of breakfast as being the first meal that kids do learn how to prepare themselves," Arndt Anderson says.Advertising also played an important part in orange juice becoming a morning drink. In 1916, farmers grew more oranges than usual, so advertisers began saying, "Drink an orange." They aimed to persuade people that drinking orange juice was a healthy way to start the day.Two years later, a worldwide flu epidemic caused people to drink more orange juice for its health benefits.As for coffee, it might have the 1773 Boston Tea Party to thank for its popularity in the United States. In that year, American colonists protested British taxation by throwing tea into Boston Harbor. In time, coffee became so popular that people traveling to the American West in the 1830s made sure to carry coffee beans on the journey.Pancakes have also been around for a very long time. Researchers believe the world's oldest naturally preserved human mummy ate a pancake-like food as one of his last meals.Researchers think pancakes may have been made in the morning because they are much quicker to prepare than bread. Cooks could then have time to make fresh bread for dinner.Americans still eat breakfast foods like bread and eggs that their ancestors did. Writer Heather Arndt Anderson notes that people's concerns about healthy food choices have also stayed the same.She says the idea of clean eating and healthy eating has been around for hundreds of years. She adds, "The only thing that's changed has been the details with which we define what these things are - what clean eating is, and being healthy."Arndt Anderson hopes more Americans will see leftovers as a breakfast food. She adds that leftovers taste good and are a great way to reduce waste.I'm Jonathan Evans.Adapted from: http://www.hxen.com/englishlistening/voaenglish/voaspecialenglish/2019-07-29/521859_2.html VOCABULARY1. leftover n. (常用复数) food that has not been eaten at the end of a meal 吃剩的食物;残羹剩饭2. taxation n. money that has to be paid as taxes 税;税款;税金;税收。例如:to reduce taxation减税3. preserve v. (常用被动态) to keep sth. in its original state in good condition 维持…的原状;保存;保养。例如:(humorous) Is he really 60? He's remarkably well preserved. 他真有60岁了吗?他真会保养啊。 QUESTIONSRead the table. Then listen to the news and complete the table.Common breakfast foods for Americans FOOD DETAIL CEREAL Arndt Anderson adds, "One of the first ways advertising was successfully or effectively used was to convince mothers that it was okay for their children to eat these (Q1) ______________________. It sort of offered working mothers a chance to let kids take care of themselves in the morning." As women entered the (Q2) _______________ to help support their families, cereal was a food kids could make on their own. "That's still sort of the power, really the lasting effect of breakfast as being the first meal that kids do learn how to prepare themselves," Arndt Anderson says. ORANGE JUICE Advertising also played an important part in orange juice becoming a (Q3) ______________________. In 1916, farmers grew more oranges than usual, so advertisers began saying, "Drink an orange." They aimed to persuade people that drinking orange juice was a healthy way to start the day. Two years later, a worldwide flu epidemic caused people to drink more orange juice for its (Q4) ______________________. COFFEE As for coffee, it might have the 1773 Boston Tea Party to thank for its popularity in the United States. In that year, American colonists protested British taxation by throwing (Q5) ____________ into Boston Harbor. In time, coffee became so popular that people traveling to the American West in the 1830s made sure to carry (Q6) _________________ on the journey. PANCAKES Pancakes have also been around for a very long time. Researchers believe the world's oldest naturally preserved human mummy ate a pancake-like food as one of his last meals. Researchers think pancakes may have been made in the morning because they are much (Q7) _______________________ than bread. Cooks could then have time to make (Q8) ___________________ for dinner. BREAD AND EGGS Americans still eat breakfast foods like (Q9) _______________________ that their (Q10) _________________________ did. Writer Heather Arndt Anderson notes that people's concerns about healthy food choices have also stayed the same.  KEYRead the table. Then listen to the news and complete the table.Common breakfast foods for Americans FOOD DETAIL CEREAL Arndt Anderson adds, "One of the first ways advertising was successfully or effectively used was to convince mothers that it was okay for their children to eat these (Q1) instant cereals. It sort of offered working mothers a chance to let kids take care of themselves in the morning." As women entered the (Q2) workforce to help support their families, cereal was a food kids could make on their own. "That's still sort of the power, really the lasting effect of breakfast as being the first meal that kids do learn how to prepare themselves," Arndt Anderson says. ORANGE JUICE Advertising also played an important part in orange juice becoming a (Q3) morning drink. In 1916, farmers grew more oranges than usual, so advertisers began saying, "Drink an orange." They aimed to persuade people that drinking orange juice was a healthy way to start the day. Two years later, a worldwide flu epidemic caused people to drink more orange juice for its (Q4) health benefits. COFFEE As for coffee, it might have the 1773 Boston Tea Party to thank for its popularity in the United States. In that year, American colonists protested British taxation by throwing (Q5) tea into Boston Harbor. In time, coffee became so popular that people traveling to the American West in the 1830s made sure to carry (Q6) coffee beans on the journey. PANCAKES Pancakes have also been around for a very long time. Researchers believe the world's oldest naturally preserved human mummy ate a pancake-like food as one of his last meals. Researchers think pancakes may have been made in the morning because they are much (Q7) quicker to prepare than bread. Cooks could then have time to make (Q8) fresh bread for dinner. BREAD AND EGGS Americans still eat breakfast foods like (Q9) bread and eggs that their (Q10) ancestors did. Writer Heather Arndt Anderson notes that people's concerns about healthy food choices have also stayed the same.

练习 | VOA慢速:吃得好有助于病人康复

燕山大学 刘立军 编写 TRANSCRIPTWhen people are getting over a sickness or injury, they may not think of eating the right kind of food during their recovery.But good nutrition may be key to getting their health back.When Monika McComb returned home from the hospital, she did not think about following a healthier diet to help her get better."You know, I could hardly, even hardly walk with a cane."McComb did not consider that her weakness might be because of poor nutrition - until health care workers tested her.The test was part of a study carried out by Advocate Health Care and Abbott. Researchers hoped to learn about how nutrition helps to reduce visits to the hospital. An invisible problemSuela Sulo is a health researcher with Abbot, a company that makes medical devices and drugs. She says doctors rarely think of malnutrition when working with patients who are in recovery."Malnutrition is invisible to the eye, and therefore it remains under diagnosed and under-treated."McComb joined a home health care program, which provided her with a detailed nutrition plan.The majority of Americans are able to get healthy food. But one in three patients in home health care is malnourished or has some nutritional shortage. This puts their health - and recovery - at risk.Kate Riley is a chief nursing officer with Advocate Health Care."Nutrition is not the primary reason why patients usually come to home health; however, it is important for us to pay attention to the nutrition to promote their strength and get them recovered quicker."Abbot paid for the study and worked with Advocate Health Care to find a way to reduce hospitalizations, cut medical costs and promote patients' health. Faster recovery with nutritional drinksIn the study, patients using home health care received education about nutrition, along with nutritional drinks. Sulo said that after such care, they were nearly 20 percent less likely to go to the hospital in the 90 days that followed an injury or illness."Through identifying the patients with malnutrition risk, feeding them with the right nutritional drinks, you are increasing their chances of recovering faster, not going back to the hospital, or not going to the hospital in the first place."One of the study's goals was to create a program that patients could follow on their own. This meant the patients needed to learn about nutrition. Gretchen VanDerBosch says anyone can become malnourished and not know it. She says educating patients about nutrition is very important."Their outcome is so much improved, they have more strength, they heal quicker, have less falls, they have less readmissions," The researchers say they hope other health care programs and hospitals can use the study to help their patients, as well.As for Monika McComb, she says she feels stronger and has more energy than she had at the start of the program. She said her home health nurse and a focus on nutrition have improved her health.I'm Jill Robbins.Adapted from: http://www.hxen.com/englishlistening/voaenglish/voaspecialenglish/2019-07-15/521154_2.html VOCABULARY1. malnourished adj. in bad health because of a lack of food or a lack of the right type of food 营养不良的2. malnutrition n. (不可数名词) a poor condition of health caused by a lack of food or a lack of the right type of food 营养不良 QUESTIONSRead the passage. Then listen to the news and fill in the blanks with the information (words, phrases or sentences) you hear.When people are getting over a sickness or injury, they may not think of eating the right kind of (Q1) ___________________ during their recovery.But good nutrition may be key to getting their (Q2) __________________ back.When Monika McComb returned home from the hospital, she did not think about following a healthier diet to help her get better."You know, I could hardly, even hardly walk with a cane."McComb did not consider that her weakness might be because of (Q3) _____________________ - until health care workers tested her.The test was part of a study carried out by Advocate Health Care and Abbott. Researchers hoped to learn about how (Q4) _______________________ helps to reduce visits to the hospital. An invisible problemSuela Sulo is a health researcher with Abbot, a company that makes (Q5) ___________________. She says doctors rarely think of (Q6) ___________________ when working with patients who are in recovery."Malnutrition is invisible to the eye, and therefore it remains under diagnosed and under-treated."McComb joined a home health care program, which provided her with a detailed nutrition plan.The majority of Americans are able to get healthy food. But one in three patients in home health care is malnourished or has some nutritional shortage. This puts their health - and recovery - at risk.Kate Riley is a chief nursing officer with Advocate Health Care."Nutrition is not the primary reason why patients usually come to home health; however, it is important for us to pay attention to the nutrition to promote their strength and get them recovered quicker."Abbot paid for the study and worked with Advocate Health Care to find a way to reduce (Q7) ___________________________, cut medical costs and promote patients' health. Faster recovery with nutritional drinksIn the study, patients using home health care received education about nutrition, along with nutritional drinks. Sulo said that after such care, they were nearly 20 percent less likely to go to the hospital in the 90 days that followed an injury or illness."Through identifying the patients with malnutrition risk, feeding them with the right nutritional drinks, you are increasing their chances of recovering faster, not going back to the hospital, or not going to the hospital in the first place."One of the study's goals was to create a program that patients could follow on their own. This meant the patients needed to learn about (Q8) __________________. Gretchen VanDerBosch says anyone can become malnourished and not know it. She says (Q9) ________________________ about nutrition is very important."Their outcome is so much improved, they have more strength, they heal quicker, have less falls, they have less readmissions," The researchers say they hope other health care programs and hospitals can use the study to help their patients, as well.As for Monika McComb, she says she feels stronger and has more energy than she had at the start of the program. She said her home health nurse and (Q10) ___________________________ have improved her health.I'm Jill Robbins. KEYRead the passage. Then listen to the news and fill in the blanks with the information (words, phrases or sentences) you hear.When people are getting over a sickness or injury, they may not think of eating the right kind of (Q1) food during their recovery.But good nutrition may be key to getting their (Q2) health back.When Monika McComb returned home from the hospital, she did not think about following a healthier diet to help her get better."You know, I could hardly, even hardly walk with a cane."McComb did not consider that her weakness might be because of (Q3) poor nutrition - until health care workers tested her.The test was part of a study carried out by Advocate Health Care and Abbott. Researchers hoped to learn about how (Q4) nutrition helps to reduce visits to the hospital. An invisible problemSuela Sulo is a health researcher with Abbot, a company that makes (Q5) medical devices and drugs. She says doctors rarely think of (Q6) malnutrition when working with patients who are in recovery."Malnutrition is invisible to the eye, and therefore it remains under diagnosed and under-treated."McComb joined a home health care program, which provided her with a detailed nutrition plan.The majority of Americans are able to get healthy food. But one in three patients in home health care is malnourished or has some nutritional shortage. This puts their health - and recovery - at risk.Kate Riley is a chief nursing officer with Advocate Health Care."Nutrition is not the primary reason why patients usually come to home health; however, it is important for us to pay attention to the nutrition to promote their strength and get them recovered quicker."Abbot paid for the study and worked with Advocate Health Care to find a way to reduce (Q7) hospitalizations, cut medical costs and promote patients' health. Faster recovery with nutritional drinksIn the study, patients using home health care received education about nutrition, along with nutritional drinks. Sulo said that after such care, they were nearly 20 percent less likely to go to the hospital in the 90 days that followed an injury or illness."Through identifying the patients with malnutrition risk, feeding them with the right nutritional drinks, you are increasing their chances of recovering faster, not going back to the hospital, or not going to the hospital in the first place."One of the study's goals was to create a program that patients could follow on their own. This meant the patients needed to learn about (Q8) nutrition. Gretchen VanDerBosch says anyone can become malnourished and not know it. She says (Q9) educating patients about nutrition is very important."Their outcome is so much improved, they have more strength, they heal quicker, have less falls, they have less readmissions," The researchers say they hope other health care programs and hospitals can use the study to help their patients, as well.As for Monika McComb, she says she feels stronger and has more energy than she had at the start of the program. She said her home health nurse and (Q10) a focus on nutrition have improved her health.I'm Jill Robbins.

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